Assessment of the Usefulness of Individualistic Theories of the Causes of Poverty

Assessment of the Usefulness of Individualistic Theories of the Causes of Poverty

Length: 902 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Assessment of the Usefulness of Individualistic Theories of the Causes of Poverty


An individualistic (cultural) perspective suggests that poverty comes
as a result of behaviour and lifestyle more likely to result in
poverty. This perspective is often referred to as ‘victim-blaming’.
They are said to be ‘work shy’, preferring instead to live on state
welfare benefits. This explanation of poverty argues that the poor'
subculture may be so pervasive that these deviant attitudes are
reproduced from one generation to another by parents who act as
‘deviant role-models’ to their children. In this way the poor are said
to be a part of a subculture, which is somewhat antagonistic to the
mainstream culture of society.

The main groups considered to be leading these impoverished
subcultures are the disabled, women, ethnic groups, elderly, working
class and people from northern regions.

The minority of disabled have: -

-An inability to work which

-Limitations on physical and/or mental abilities.

-Psychology o dependency

Females are: -

-Expected to be homemakers.

-Have a dependency on males for income.

-Fewer role models and women (especially young) with babies are often
the ones who have to support that child.

Ethnic groups: -

-Lead a fatalistic lifestyle with larger families.

-Language difficulties.

-Lower level educational qualifications.

-Controversially associated with lower levels of intelligence.

-Attachment to traditional ways.

-Cultural values may predispose individuals to ‘follow in
father’s/mother’s footsteps.

Elderly groups: -

-Less adaptable.

-Failure to mak...


... middle of paper ...


...oney from benefits
rather than working for similar amounts. He suggests that state
provisions should be given to the needy poor instead of the idle.
Murray (1990) USA and Anderson (1990) UK argue a new underclass is
emerging due to welfare benefits

Individualistic theories (like most of the earliest theories), is
rather simple. Indeed, it may be true that some, possibly the majority
of those in poverty, have apathetical behaviours, but whether it
answers the causes of poverty is questionable. The problem with this
theory is that it does not give reasons for these lifestyles but
rather looks at the direct causes of poverty.

Bibliography:

Sociology folder

Haralambos and Holborn - Sociology Themes and Perspectives

Paul Trowler - Investigating Health Welfare and Poverty

Revision Express - Sociology

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Usefulness of a Holistic Model for Mental Health Essay

- In order to explain the experience of mental health, its complexity needs to be both understood and appreciated. There are diverse perspectives in mental health that are used for assessment, diagnosis and treatment. This essay will use the K272 Holistic Model to illustrate a framework that can help explain the experience of mental health. Alongside this model are the experiences of Hilary, a case study used within the course materials whose physical, psychological, emotional, social and spiritual/personal meaning dimensions reveal the factors that may have contributed to her mental distress (The Open University, 2010, p.31-51)....   [tags: assessment, diagnosis, treatment]

Good Essays
1623 words (4.6 pages)

Assessment of the Usefulness of Functionalism in Understanding the Family

- Assessment of the Usefulness of Functionalism in Understanding the Family Functionalism is a structuralist theory. This means it sees the individual as less important as the social structure of society. It is a ‘top down’ theory. The family can be defined as an intimate domestic group composed of people related to each other by blood, sexual relations and legal ties. When assessing how useful functionalism is when looking at the family, other views/perspectives need to be taken into account before making an overall conclusion....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
1235 words (3.5 pages)

EMS Paramedic Patient Assessment Essay

- An ALS ambulance crew was dispatched to a 69 year old obese male whom upon their arrival was seizing. The crew suspected this seizure was due to his past history of epilepsy, but because of the patients altered conscious state the paramedics had to consider and rule out other possible causes for his convolutions. Seizures can be caused by many factors. For paramedics, determining the cause is far less important then managing the complications that can be caused by the seizure and to recognize whether the seizure is reversible with treatment....   [tags: Patient Assessment]

Good Essays
966 words (2.8 pages)

Assessment Plan Evaluation Essay

- Introduction Effective assessment of higher education institutional effectiveness is still in a stage of relative infancy, and to date has developed as a reactive response to external pressures. Assessment planning and institutional improvement have taken shape as a result of accrediting body influences on member institutions. However, even various accrediting bodies have yet to settle on common criteria and standards other than very general guidelines typically focused on evidence, validity, sustainability, and an improvement process....   [tags: Assessment ]

Good Essays
1359 words (3.9 pages)

Student Assessment Reflection Essay

- INTRODUCTION This is a report of a delivered session in a core subject to a group of mixed ability pupils in the Reception A class. Keep in mind that they are a group of students ranging from the age of 4 to 5 years old, energetic, curious and active learners. I need to consider the ways of how they learn best by carrying out assessments or diagnostic meetings to identify their preferred learning styles, abilities and interests. Neil Flemming developed the VARK system in 1987 to determine whether a student is a visual, auditory, reading/writing or kinaesthetic learner....   [tags: Assessment ]

Good Essays
1405 words (4 pages)

Selected Response Assessment: The Construction of Teaching and Learning that Meet the Needs of Students.

- “Contemporary socio-cognitive theory focuses more attention on an individual’s ability to deal with and negotiate the obstacles found in one’s environment than it does on one’s talent for solving abstract, decontextualized problems on an standardized test” (Kincheloe, 10). According to the researcher and activist, Joe Kincheloe, who helped shape the ideology of the Paulo and Nita Freire International Project for Critical Pedagogy, successfully use of selected response assessment requires understanding and appreciating students and the experiences they bring to the learning environment....   [tags: Assessment ]

Good Essays
862 words (2.5 pages)

The Assessment of a Project Manager Essay

- Introduction It is true that a project manager required numerous skills in order to lead a team to a solution or project completion. Leading a project to its successful implementation requires many skills and traits that range from common project management abilities to unique knowledge and experience. (Wu) The qualities Wu suggest that a project manager has similar, if not the same, definition as a leadership. Knowledge, experience, communication, organization, and leadership skills are qualities and traits for both....   [tags: Self Assessment]

Good Essays
926 words (2.6 pages)

Keyboarding Assessments Essays

- It is important to ensure that the Learning Objectives have been achieved and that learning by the students have mastered the course. To decipher the level of learning, assessments are developed to make such determinations. This paper will provide examples of assessments of the learning objectives created in the previous Module. It will also discuss the use of Outcome-Based Assessments (OBA), and provide an outcome based assessment for an adult keyboard course. It will define and discuss the purpose of an Outcome-Based Assessment, the challenges such an assessment, and describe solutions that can be utilized when implementing this assessment into a program....   [tags: Assessment ]

Good Essays
1027 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Educational Assessment

- INTRODUCTION Assessment has been a constant life theme. It has been part of my student learning experience, performance evaluation in the work setting and now an important part of my teaching. I hope to give you a good insight into my understanding, perspectives, biases and attitudes toward the subject of assessment and to further add to this with my experience as a teacher this year. STUDENT VIEW A student’s approach to learning and the quality of learning achieved will be influenced by the way in which this learning assessed (Gibbs 1999, Entwistle and Ramsden, 1983)....   [tags: Classroom Assessment]

Good Essays
2270 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on Overview of Testing and Assessment

- Overview of Testing and Assessment Assessment is defined as “an exercise—such as a written test, portfolio, or experiment—that seeks to measure a student's skills or knowledge in a subject area” (edweek.com). Mainly today, we rely on multiple-choice exams, or tests that are easy to grade in a very generalized manner. The focus is mainly on math and reading, and requires remembering an assortment of different facts. Alternatives to these testing norms are often called alternative assessment. Alternative assessment is defined as “any form of measuring what students know and are able to do other than traditional standardized tests....   [tags: Alternative Assessment]

Good Essays
2255 words (6.4 pages)