The Sad History of Civil Rights for Black Americans Essay

The Sad History of Civil Rights for Black Americans Essay

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Freedom riders were a group of men and women young and old who boarded
buses and planes bound for the south. There main aim was the get rid
of the Jim Crow laws. They would ride through the towns sitting
wherever they liked regardless of their race (this was breaking the
law in Southern States) A few times, the freedom riders would be met
with no resistance, but more often angry racist mobs awaited their
arrival at the stations. As a non-violent group, the freedom riders
would not fight back to the abuse they received.

The Second World War helped develop the Civil Right movement due to
the fact that it brought Blacks together with Whites. During the
Second World War Blacks where able to fly planes, Roosevelt set up the
FEPC. This meant that discrimination against Black Americans was ended
in government agencies. Things like this helped the Civil Rights
Movement as Blacks felt they should get the same treatment in other
aspects of life. Black Americans fought not only for America, but for
their human rights back home, this was called the Double V campaign.
After the war, Black Protests started to happen all over the country
(Brown v Topeka, Montgomery Bus Boycott) sparking the real start of
the Civil Rights movement.

During the 50’s and 60’s one man helped improve the treatment of Black
Americans using no violence whatsoever. Martin Luther King believed in
non-violence, he said that this was not cowardly but that it was a
method that did resist. King set up various sit-ins in and around
southern states such as Georgia and Atlanta. King also encouraged
boycotts, one of the most publicized being the Montgomery Bus Boycott

... middle of paper ...

... was
time to stand up for themselves and fight back. Many Blacks were
impatient with Kings approach. They preferred Malcolm X's more
militant stance and their anger and frustration caused a split in the
movement. Things came to a head in an area of Los Angeles called Watts.
With the split causing an even bigger divide in USA, many protests
ended in sheer violence, raising questions of Malcolm X’s beliefs.
Eventually the movement came to an abrupt halt as Malcolm X was
assassinated in February 1965, and then the peace protest collapsed as
Martin Luther King was shot in Memphis on the 4th of April 1968.

So America had come along way since the start of the Civil Rights
movement in 1954. From Little Rock High school to the Protests in
Birmingham the United States had had, and still has a very difficult
race division.

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