Essay Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

Essay Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

Length: 1924 words (5.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

At the beginning of 1917 most of the Bolsheviks were in exile but by
the end of 1917 the Bolshevik party had not only consolidated control
of Moscow and Petrograd, but they were also advancing on the rest of
the country. This success was due to several linked factors; the
Bolshevik policy of non-cooperation, weakness of the Provisional
Government, division of alternative opposition, Lenin's leadership
skills, the power of the Petrograd Soviet and Trotsky as its leader,
failure on deliver of land reform and the oppressed, armed workers in
Petrograd.

Bolshevik success is dictated by whether they met their aims; these
included the establishment of a Socialist government over the whole of
Russia, which would be ruled by a centralised democracy achieved
through a Proletarian Revolution.

Lenin returned from exile in 1917, the same year as the Bolshevik
success, which immediately implicates him as vital to the Bolshevik
victory. He was able to allow the Bolshevik Party to gel under his
guidance. On his return he launched his April Thesis, calling for
'Peace, Land, Bread and Power to the Soviets.' This was important in
gaining the Bolsheviks popular backing, which they lacked during the
February Revolution. The language of the April Thesis was simple so
that the uneducated mass of the population could easily understand the
message. Peace appealed to the soldiers and their families, whilst
land appealed to the peasants, power the Soviets pleased the workers
and a promise of bread ensured the support of the poor nationwide.
Lenin was careful with his language, so as not to aliena...


... middle of paper ...


...ause they seized control
of various situations open to them, which is why they were successful
in October. It is not surprising that Lenin and the Bolsheviks were
successful in 1917, what was surprising was that they managed to hold
power for over seventy years.

Bibliography

Roy A. Medvedev, The October Revolution (Columbia University Press,
1979, New York)

W. Astrov, An Illustrated History of the Russian Revolution (Martin
Lawrence Press, 1928, London)

Leon Trotsky, The History of the Russian Revolution (University of
Michigan Press, 1932, Michigan)

Paul Miliukov, The Russian Revolution, Volume 1. (Academic
International Press, 1978)

James D. White, The Russian Revolution 1917-21 (Edward Arnold
Publishing, 1994, London)

Robert Goldston, The Russian Revolution (Phoenix House, 1966, London)

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in October 1917

- The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in October 1917 The Bolshevik seizure of power or coup de’tat of October 25th, 1917 was a culmination of both internal and external failure to satisfy the needs of an oppressed Russian society. In contrast to the spontaneous revolts earlier in 1917, the Bolshevik revolution was ‘a carefully planned plot carried out by ‘professional’ revolutionaries.’[1] The victory of the Marxist Lenin’s Bolsheviks was due to the failure of the Provisional Government in response to land policies; their failure to gain support from the masses; the lack of ‘real’ authority of the Provisional Government and the military failure of the...   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1838 words (5.3 pages)

Essay about Communism During The Russian Revolution Of 1917

- Communism was thought up by Karl Marx in 1848. He was born in the German Rhineland to middle-class parents of Jewish descent who assimilated into an anti-Semitic society. “He started going against his government while working as a journalist. his investigations disclosed what he perceived as systematic injustice and corruption at all levels of German society. Convinced that German (and, more broadly, European) society could not be reformed from within but instead had to be remade from the ground up, Marx became a political radical”(Berdyaev, Nicolas)....   [tags: Communism, Vladimir Lenin, Marxism, Soviet Union]

Powerful Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

The Transformation of Bolshevik Position Between February and October 1917

- The Transformation of Bolshevik Position Between February and October 1917 Most historians think that the Bolshevik’s position went from playing almost no role in February 1917; they had only 150 members in the Pultilov Works which had 20,000 workers, to taking control of the country in October by a combination of luck and skill. It was said of the Bolshevik party in early 1917 that “The Communist Party existed solely in the leaders.” Many historians think Lenin’s leadership was the joint main reason for making the party into the leading revolutionary group in Russia, along with the luck the Bolsheviks had in the circumstances under the Provisional Government....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1162 words (3.3 pages)

Was the 1905 Revolution a ‘dress rehearsal’ for the events of either February or October 1917?

- The Revolution of 1905 had many of the same features as the events of 1917 however it cannot be said that 1905 was a ‘dress rehearsal’ as the protocol of the 1917 revolution was meticulously different to that of 1905. When comparing the revolutions it is thoroughly important to regard all similarities and differences when cross-examining 1905 with 1917. In many respects the events that assembled the first revolution can be used as a prototype on how the second and third revolution materialised. The importance of politics, the remodeled working class, the established regime and the significance of the soldiers all are essential components in considering why the events of 1917 were not prepare...   [tags: World History ]

Powerful Essays
2018 words (5.8 pages)

Essay about The Reasons for Success of the Bolsheviks in 1917

- The Reasons for Success of the Bolsheviks in 1917 There are a number of different reasons, why the Bolsheviks seized power in 1917. The Tsar took personal command of the army in the summer of 1915 and left the government in the hands of his wife, the hated Tsarina (who also had the misfortune of being German). She was called "the German woman". The offensive of 1916 had cost the Russians a million casualties and discontent was rife in the army. The soldiers lacked proper military training and the supply of arms and artillery were inadequate....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 Essay

- The Success of the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 Part 1 Karl Marks was not Russian and he died 34 years before the Russian revolution, he was a German who spent most his life in England. He worked as a journalist but wrote books on history, religion, economics, society, and philosophy. Marx hated the system of capitalism because he thought that it was capitalism that had produced the problems of industry, poor living conditions and the social gap of the rich and poor. He thought that the system destroyed people and made them greedy and that people only wanted something if it was worth money....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
2626 words (7.5 pages)

Trudeau’s Overreaction to the October Crisis in Quebec Essay

- Throughout history, the actions of governments have always been debated; however, occasionally there are certain events which spark much controversy, both at the time of the event and by historians today. One of these controversial acts was the invocation of the War Measures Act in 1970, an act which suspended the civil liberties of Canadian citizens. In October 1970, in what became known as the October Crisis, the Front de libération du Québec, (commonly known as the FLQ) which was a French Canadian organization advocating independence from Canada, kidnapped two politicians....   [tags: Trudeau, October Crisis, Canada,]

Powerful Essays
2274 words (6.5 pages)

Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act (Amendment) of 1918 Essay

- Espionage Act of 1917 and Sedition Act (Amendment) of 1918      On April 2nd 1917, President Woodrow Wilson of the United States of America, ??went before Congress and called for a declaration of war. Both the House and the Senate voted overwhelmingly in favor of going to war with Germany.?# This was an act that led to much resistance among the American people. Not four months earlier the American people re-elected President Wilson, partly because of his success in keeping the United States out of this European war....   [tags: World War I 1917 History Essays]

Powerful Essays
1469 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on The October Revolution

- The October Revolution “The October Revolution was no more than a well planned military coup carried out with out the knowledge and against the wishes of the people.” This statement is entirely false, the October Revolution was wished for and very necessary for the people of Russia, to bring more power back to the people. The events of 1917 were crucial for the Bolsheviks, they represented their rise in power and their rise in popularity with the people. It was these events that rallied the Russian people behind the Bolshevik party and gave them the idea that a revolution was necessary....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
1220 words (3.5 pages)

October Essay

- October Jennifer stopped running through the forest after doing so for what seemed like eternity. She had no idea where she was, why she was here, or who was chasing her. All she knew was that running for so long of a time made her very hungry. Desperately, she looked around for something to eat, and her eyes settled on a tall apple tree. Jennifer picked a couple and ate them as she leaned against a maple tree while watching mother nature take its course. She could see the sun was setting through the bright red leaves of the forest trees....   [tags: Creative Writing Essays]

Free Essays
1312 words (3.7 pages)