Essay Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

Essay Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

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Account For the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

At the beginning of 1917 most of the Bolsheviks were in exile but by
the end of 1917 the Bolshevik party had not only consolidated control
of Moscow and Petrograd, but they were also advancing on the rest of
the country. This success was due to several linked factors; the
Bolshevik policy of non-cooperation, weakness of the Provisional
Government, division of alternative opposition, Lenin's leadership
skills, the power of the Petrograd Soviet and Trotsky as its leader,
failure on deliver of land reform and the oppressed, armed workers in

Bolshevik success is dictated by whether they met their aims; these
included the establishment of a Socialist government over the whole of
Russia, which would be ruled by a centralised democracy achieved
through a Proletarian Revolution.

Lenin returned from exile in 1917, the same year as the Bolshevik
success, which immediately implicates him as vital to the Bolshevik
victory. He was able to allow the Bolshevik Party to gel under his
guidance. On his return he launched his April Thesis, calling for
'Peace, Land, Bread and Power to the Soviets.' This was important in
gaining the Bolsheviks popular backing, which they lacked during the
February Revolution. The language of the April Thesis was simple so
that the uneducated mass of the population could easily understand the
message. Peace appealed to the soldiers and their families, whilst
land appealed to the peasants, power the Soviets pleased the workers
and a promise of bread ensured the support of the poor nationwide.
Lenin was careful with his language, so as not to aliena...

... middle of paper ...

...ause they seized control
of various situations open to them, which is why they were successful
in October. It is not surprising that Lenin and the Bolsheviks were
successful in 1917, what was surprising was that they managed to hold
power for over seventy years.


Roy A. Medvedev, The October Revolution (Columbia University Press,
1979, New York)

W. Astrov, An Illustrated History of the Russian Revolution (Martin
Lawrence Press, 1928, London)

Leon Trotsky, The History of the Russian Revolution (University of
Michigan Press, 1932, Michigan)

Paul Miliukov, The Russian Revolution, Volume 1. (Academic
International Press, 1978)

James D. White, The Russian Revolution 1917-21 (Edward Arnold
Publishing, 1994, London)

Robert Goldston, The Russian Revolution (Phoenix House, 1966, London)

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