A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties Essay

A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties Essay

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A Comparison of UK and US Political Parties
A party system as described by G.Sartori is "the system of
interactions resulting from inter-party competition”. A one-party
system cannot produce a political system, as we would identify it in
Britain. One party cannot produce any other system other than
autocratic/dictatorial power. Two-party system: as the title
indicates, this is a state in which just two parties dominate. Other
parties might exist but they have no political importance. The
multi-party system: as the title suggests, this is a system where more
than two parties have some impact in a state’s political life.
Dominant-party system: this is different from a one-party system. A
party is quite capable within the political structure of a state, to
become dominant to such an extent that victory at elections is
considered a formality. A political party is organized groups of
voters and politicians with similar ideas about how the government
should be run and who should represent them.

The US has a two party system in which two parties dominate in the US
its Republican and Democratic parties. Other parties might exist but
they have no political importance. America has the most obvious
two-party political system with the Republicans and Democrats
dominating the political scene. For the system to work one of the
parties must obtain a sufficient working majority after an election
and it must be in a position to be able to govern without the support
from the other party. A rotation of power is expected in this system....


... middle of paper ...


... allowed voting freely.

The parties in America are weak organisations and ‘party discipline’
in the US congress is loose. In the US Congress a party unity (or a
party line) vote is defined as a majority of one party voting against
a majority of the others. The weak definition only a relatively small
majority of votes in the Senate and the House of Representatives
qualify as partisan votes.

In the US, formal party ‘membership’ is unknown; simply register as
Democrats or Republicans

Democratic and Republicans parties have become more ideologically
homogeneous. Therefore Republicans are more conservative than
Democratic however southern republicans are more conservative than the
Republicans from the Northeast and even though southern Democrats tend
to be less liberal than Democrats in other parts of the country.

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