The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing
that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to
things that exist. It states that there must be a final
uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be
The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically
1. Things exist.
2. It is possible for those things to not exist.
3. Whatever has the possibility of non existence, yet exists, has
been caused to exist.
A. Something cannot bring itself into existence since it must exist to
bring itself into existence which is illogical.
4. There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something
. Because an infinite regression of causes ultimately has no initial
cause which means there is no cause of existence.
A. Since the universe exists, it must have a cause.
5. Therefore, there must be an uncaused cause of all things.
6. The uncaused cause must be God.
Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) had a version of the Cosmological Argument
called the Argument from Motion. He stated that things in motion
could not have brought themselves into motion but must be caused to
move. There cannot be an infinite regression of movers. Therefore,
there must be an Unmoved Mover. This Unmoved Mover is God.
Strengths of the argument
The strengths of the Cosmological Argument lie in both its simplicity
and easily comprehensible concept that there cannot be an infinite
number of causes to an event. Some arguments for God's existence
... middle of paper ...
... deism in that after setting it in motion God has withdrawn from the
world and merely observe it from a distance (like a watchmaker winding
up a watch and watching it work, run down and stop). But if this is so
what reason is there for believing in God and practicing religion
today? Furthermore, why believe that a God who may have set the world
in motion is still around? It may have been that in the act of being
the first cause of all there is God 'burnt out' and died. God might
even have gone off to do a better job of creating universes elsewhere!
Even if God is still around the Cosmological Argument has not solved
the further issue of which God actually created the world. This latter
point may only be solved on the basis of special revelation (which is
outside the boundary of the Cosmological Argument as presented here).
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