In today’s society, science is regarded as being the most trusted form
of knowledge, leading to many claiming it to be the supreme form of
knowledge. To investigate whether or not this is justified we must
compare science to other forms/areas of knowledge and consider what
they each contribute.
The strongest argument science has to claim this title, is the
objectivity and empirical nature of its method and in particular its
verifying processes; mainly based on inductive and deductive reasoning.
Modern science is closely related to inductive reasoning and is
presented as a distinctive feature of scientific activity today.
Induction works by verification: correspondence process, which
involves making predictions about the future based on past experience.
However, problems with this technique limit the validity of the
conclusions drawn from it. Primarily the problem is the degree of
accuracy attached to any conclusion made, which is tied to the number
of observations that confirm with it. Likewise, the appearance of a
single observation that does not conform to the general law
invalidates the conclusion. In comparison, Deductive reasoning is a
more accurate verification technique, as it does not allow for
‘degrees of accuracy’. It works through verification: coherence
process, which involves formulating a general law which becomes
standard and by which any further examples are judged against.
Eventually scientists have come to realise the methodological problems
with these two techniques of verification. In an attempt to eliminate
these fundamental errors, scientists have attempted to incorporate the
... middle of paper ...
...s statement is essentially a
misconception. I have discovered that Knowledge can be anything, fact
and fiction. Likewise I acknowledge that science is an essential
source of knowledge as it provides one way of finding logical truth
about the universe and a means to promote one’s ability to understand
his surrounding. However, ultimately, science provides only a small
fraction of knowledge that we require, and is not the supreme form
some claim it to be.
The Structure of Scientific revolution (1962) publ. University of
Chicago Press, 1962. Thomas Kuhn
Cartesian Meditation, publ. Indiana University Press (February 1,
Natural Sciences, Handout
Essay of understanding,
Two Cultures – Art and Science, Documentary - Channel 4 2000
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