The Impact of New Materials on Product Deisng in 20th and 21st Centuries

The Impact of New Materials on Product Deisng in 20th and 21st Centuries

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The Impact of New Materials on Product Deisng in 20th and 21st Centuries

As new materials are developed and processed, design technologists and
people working with industrial materials must think how these new
materials will affect the way in which they design and manufacture
products. Design technologists also have to be conscious of how these
materials effect the environment and the way in which they are
recycled. In Today’s industry products are increasingly being made
from composite materials. Composite materials are formed by combining
two or more materials that have different properties. The different
materials work together to give the composite unique properties, but
within the composite you can easily tell the different materials apart
– they do not dissolve or blend into each other. A good example of a
composite material is steel. Steel contains alloys of both iron and
carbon enabling it to be both tough and ductile. Materials used in
products must suit the finished product down to the last detail.
Requirements such as hardness, rigidity, weight, flexibility, colour
or texture maybe needed for an item to perform and function properly.
Composites enable industry to create a material that can be used for a
wider range of products. Some wood materials (such as M.D.F and
chipboard) are also composites and technologists must decide whether a
wood-based manufactured board would be a better choice for a product
than solid timber. Wood-based materials are very popular in products
due to the difference in price in comparison to solid timber and the
fact that they come in la...


... middle of paper ...


...s.
When it is heated they become chemically tied by covalent bonds and
are cross-linked. The molecules link side by side as well as end to
end. Once this rigid network structure has formed it is irreversible.
Thermosetting plastics are rigid and non-flexible and are used in
products such as domestic appliance parts, tableware car bodies etc.

Metals have also been a material effecting the way in which product
designers manufacture and design products. In metals atoms and ions
are attracted to one another by electrical forces, this is what holds
them together in a molecule. Metals mostly have only one or two
electrons attached loosely in their outer shell and this free movement
of electrons gives metals its properties of high thermal and
electrical conductivity. This free moving state also gives rise to
plasticity.

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