Essay on The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906

Essay on The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906

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The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906

The Liberal election victory of 1906 was due to key issues that the
Liberals manipulated to their favour whereas the exhausted
Conservatives barely defended their actions. This election victory was
on the back of Unionist dominance that had spanned a decade driven by
three key issues: "the crown, the church and the constitution." After
the Second Boer War in South Africa, everything began to go wrong for
the Unionists who then found their own leader, Balfour, losing his
seat in his own constituency of Blackpool.

The key areas of victory are the Tory blunders and the Liberal
successes. The decline of the Unionists seemed to begin after the 1900
Khaki election when things began to go wrong in South Africa.
Guerrilla Warfare began, and for a while, the sure victory appeared to
become a long, hard struggle. This raised questions within Britain at
the army's strength and the countries health. Firstly, "22,000" were
killed in South Africa and this raised questions about the army's
competence as they resorted to "Scorched Earth and concentration
camps" which raised ethical questions in Britain. Secondly the army
rejected "34.6%" of volunteers which also suspected the health of
Britain's youth as it would be them who would have to fight in the
future. This coincided with the studies of Rowntree and Booth, who
concluded Britain was poor and becoming poorer. As a result, people
would think that Britain was not as secure under the Unionists as it
could be under the Liberals and this would be a reason for their
election loss. It can be seen that the Unionists won the 1900 election
mainly ...


... middle of paper ...


...is issue.

Overall, the Liberals won the 1906 election due to the Tory decline
and Liberal supremacy. The Liberals had good organization attacking
key areas and issues with powerful and crowd pleasing speakers. The
Unionists however were weak and exhausted. They had run out of ideas
and looked lethargic. They were beaten on key issues such as Tariff
Reform and had incited people who would not usual vote, to vote
against them. They even turned their own supporters against them on
moral issues and were badly divided on Tariff reform. Britain was
going through bad times as Rowntree concluded and the Unionists were
not inspiring the county to change this. Overall as Churchill said the
Unionists lost as they were exhausted this explaining the need to call
an early election, which in the end turned out to be their downfall.

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