I have been asked to look at the Tiananmen Square massacre and to find
the long and short term causes for the unfateful event in which
thousand of people were killed.
The main political party in china was the Kuomintang this was a
nationalist party who supported capitalism.
In 1935 Mao Tse Tung became the chairman of the communist party.
By 1946 conflict between the communists and the Kuomintang (the party
that was ruling) turned into a full-scale civil war. This raged on for
3 years, in 1949 the Kuomintang was defeated Mao Tse Tung and his
party had won, china now became a communist country it became known as
"the peoples' republic of china".
When china became a communist country the people faced not only a
redistribution of wealth but great repression. There was a secret
police that went round and would arrest anyone who spoke ill of the
communist regime or Mao Tse Tung. The people had to live their lives
in fear that maybe tomorrow they would never see their wife and kids
People weren't allowed to openly criticize communism those that did
would have been arrested and re-educated. However in the 1950's and
60's they would have been arrested and shot, people's freedoms
therefore become less and less.
In 1966 the cultural revolution took place what this basically
consisted of was cleansing the communist party, Mao Tse Tung believed
that many party members and ordinary Chinese people gad lost interest
in communism. To get the people back on track Mao Tse Tung decided
that young people should be trained up to reinforce communism. The red
guards as they became k...
... middle of paper ...
...ey started hunger strikes. They
probably thought as the police gave up attempts to contain the crowds
and Beijing slid into anarchy that Deng would fear a civil war. As the
students called for deng's resignation at the same time that Mikhail
gorbachev was visiting china possibly expected that the extent of his
humiliation would result in him giving into their demands. However
instead the army was called into break up the demonstrations and the
The whole event rejected discontent, for some it had gone back over
many years for example those who lived through the Cultural Revolution
for some of the younger demonstrators their reasons for protesting
were more short term. Perhaps each member of the protest group had
their own agenda for being in the square. None however got what they
set out to get.
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