The Causes of the Tiananmen Square Massacre Essay

The Causes of the Tiananmen Square Massacre Essay

Length: 1371 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Causes of the Tiananmen Square Massacre


I have been asked to look at the Tiananmen Square massacre and to find
the long and short term causes for the unfateful event in which
thousand of people were killed.

The main political party in china was the Kuomintang this was a
nationalist party who supported capitalism.

In 1935 Mao Tse Tung became the chairman of the communist party.

By 1946 conflict between the communists and the Kuomintang (the party
that was ruling) turned into a full-scale civil war. This raged on for
3 years, in 1949 the Kuomintang was defeated Mao Tse Tung and his
party had won, china now became a communist country it became known as
"the peoples' republic of china".

When china became a communist country the people faced not only a
redistribution of wealth but great repression. There was a secret
police that went round and would arrest anyone who spoke ill of the
communist regime or Mao Tse Tung. The people had to live their lives
in fear that maybe tomorrow they would never see their wife and kids
again.

People weren't allowed to openly criticize communism those that did
would have been arrested and re-educated. However in the 1950's and
60's they would have been arrested and shot, people's freedoms
therefore become less and less.

In 1966 the cultural revolution took place what this basically
consisted of was cleansing the communist party, Mao Tse Tung believed
that many party members and ordinary Chinese people gad lost interest
in communism. To get the people back on track Mao Tse Tung decided
that young people should be trained up to reinforce communism. The red
guards as they became k...


... middle of paper ...


...ey started hunger strikes. They
probably thought as the police gave up attempts to contain the crowds
and Beijing slid into anarchy that Deng would fear a civil war. As the
students called for deng's resignation at the same time that Mikhail
gorbachev was visiting china possibly expected that the extent of his
humiliation would result in him giving into their demands. However
instead the army was called into break up the demonstrations and the
massacre followed.

The whole event rejected discontent, for some it had gone back over
many years for example those who lived through the Cultural Revolution
for some of the younger demonstrators their reasons for protesting
were more short term. Perhaps each member of the protest group had
their own agenda for being in the square. None however got what they
set out to get.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Was the 1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre a Failure of Civil Disobedience?

- The 1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre in China or the June Fourth Incident was one of the most famous student protests in the world’s history. The Massacre took place on June 4th 1989 – the last day of a series of pro-democracy demonstrations around Tiananmen Square beginning from April 14. The Tiananmen protest ended in tragic failure and bloodbath as the Chinese state decided to put down the protest with a martial law. At last, army troops and tanks were sent to take control of the city and were ordered to clear the square by firing at the crowd of protesters....   [tags: Tiananmen Square, Civil Disobedience]

Strong Essays
1538 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on The Massacre at Tiananmen Square

- The Massacre at Tiananmen Square The protests in China during 1989 were for a good cause, but were ended in the worst possible way. Mao Zedong brought Communism into china with violence and even after his death, with a new leader, the violence continued. The Chinese Government made a huge mistake by using force to end a peaceful protest. “After the 1912 revolution, two groups began to compete for the leadership of China. One group, the Nationalists, was led by Chiang Kai-shek while Mao Zedong was the head of the second group, the Communists....   [tags: World History]

Strong Essays
861 words (2.5 pages)

The Rape of Nanking and Tiananmen Square Essay

- Throughout history, genocide has been one of the most devastating human calamities. The Rape of Nanking, or the Nanking Massacre is an example of one of the worst genocides in history. This event was so horrific that it is sometimes referred to as the “forgotten Holocaust” (The Rape). Beginning on December 13, 1937, Japan invaded China and “the mass execution of soldiers and the slaughtering and raping of tens of thousands of civilians took place in contravention of all rules of warfare” (The Rape)....   [tags: Genocide, Massacres, History]

Strong Essays
1908 words (5.5 pages)

Essay on Tiananmen Square Massacre

- Tiananmen Square Massacre Many photographs pass our eyes each day. Only few make a mark in history. Tiananmen Square, Beijing, and the photograph by Jeff Widener has its rightful place in history. Who can forget the shocking image of the single male student standing in front of a line of four tanks lined up one behind the other. His body seeming to be no match to the machines that were dispatched to serve a purpose. Tiananmen Square was the Gate of Heavenly Peace. The largest square in the world held up to a million people at once....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
593 words (1.7 pages)

Civil Rights around the World Essay

- Throughout history, people have fought for equality and started civil rights movement to change the world they were living in. The road to freedom and equality has never been easy. Being met with struggles and force, pushing past it all can be difficult. Though Tiananmen square and Oxford happened on opposite sides of the world, there were still some similarities between the two. The events that took place in Blood Done Sign My Name are very similar to what happened in Tiananmen Square in 1989. The events in Tiananmen Square started to unfold after the death of Hu Yaobang, which was on April 15th, 1989....   [tags: massacre at Tiananmen Square]

Strong Essays
1301 words (3.7 pages)

A Historical And Historical Events Of Tiananmen Square Essay

- June 5, 1989, a young man stands in front of a line of tanks, with thousands of protestors behind him in the midst of what is known as the Tiananmen Square; symbolizing one of many uprisings against repression and civil unrest in China. Since the construction of Tiananmen Square in 1651, it has been the focal point of protests and historical events. The significance of this large city structure which is located in Beijing, China, has both a historical and political importance. Historical for its national museums, mausoleums, monuments, and the Forbidden City which is to the north and dates back to the 1420’s during the Ming Dynasty....   [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China]

Strong Essays
1438 words (4.1 pages)

The Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 in Beijing, China Essay

- The Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 in Beijing, China On June 3rd, 1989 in Tiananmen Square in Communist China’s capital of Beijing, protestors were silenced by military violence. Tiananmen, ironically, translates into “gate of heavenly peace”. Chinese troops arrested and killed thousands of civilians who were protesting for more governmental transparency and democracy. Protests had been gaining momentum since 1985, and grew to as much as 1.2 million protestors, led by students, in Beijing in May of 1989....   [tags: notorious human rights violations]

Strong Essays
984 words (2.8 pages)

The Media During the Tiananmen Square Protests Essay

- The Media During the Tiananmen Square Protests There will always be talk about the biases of the media and the perspective in which it takes when reporting the news; however, when the news is run by the government and the people who write the news are threatened to withdraw from their positions because they will not write propaganda, it becomes a serious issue that can lead a country into turmoil. Such was the situation in Beijing, the capital of China, in 1989, during the student and worker protests at Tiananmen Square and the ultimate killings that occurred on June 4th of that year....   [tags: China Chinese Protest History Essays]

Strong Essays
2632 words (7.5 pages)

The Unknown Rebel from Tiananmen Square Essay

- The Unknown Rebel from Tiananmen Square It's hard to sit down and write about one great leader alone, there are many great ones out there who need to be mentioned. Although, if you were to go back and ask anyone of them if they would care to have a paper written about them, I can almost rest assure that they would decline. That single act is what makes a great leader. They're not out to seek fame, they're not out to take all the credit. They're there to make a difference, and most of the time they do....   [tags: China Communism Leader]

Free Essays
963 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Tienanmen Square: Where was the Violence?

- Were civilian casualties more extensive inside or outside of Tiananmen Square on June 4th, 1989. A) Plan of Investigation The bloodshed at Tiananmen Square in Beijing shocked the world. As a result of large-scale Chinese cover-up the public knew little about the deaths that occurred on the morning of June 4th 1989. The aim of this investigation is to find out where the casualties were most extensive. The information needed to answer this question would not be provided for 11 years after which documents began to surface helping explain the unknown tragedy....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
2002 words (5.7 pages)