The Human Genome Project Essay

The Human Genome Project Essay

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The Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project (also known as HGP) began as a project
planned to last 15 years and the project goals were to discover all
the (approx.) 30000 to 35,000 human genes. Rapid technological
advantages have accelerated the expected completion date to 2003
whereas before it was planned for 2005. This project began in October
1990 and is an international project. The human genome is being
researched and mapped out to make them accessible for further
biological study, and determine the complete sequence of the 3 billion
DNA subunits (bases). As part of the Human Genome Project some
parallel studies are being undertaken on selected organisms such as
the bacterium E. coli to help develop the technology and interpret
human gene function.

Researchers mainly run the Human Genome Project from The Department of
Energy and the National Institutes of Health National Human Genome
Research Institute

Life Insurance companies should not have access to this information
about genes. This is because they can raise life insurance payments
due to whether or not the gene has a defect. People who may have a
different or faulty gene may be penalised for this and their life
insurance payments will be raised to accommodate this. However, the
gene may have been interpreted wrongly and then extra money is being
obtained for no reason. It is against people's human rights to be
treated differently due to the map of their genes.

Employers should only have access to the information if the employee
gives permission. The information belongs to the person who the genes
belong to.

The legal, ethical and social implicatio...


... middle of paper ...


... big possibility of being
born with a particular disease or syndrome that runs in the family.
For example it will be possible to see whether it is likely to have
multiple sclerosis or cystic fibrosis. Also the parents will be able
to see from the babies actual DNA if it has a problem or not.

The information can help drug makers target illnesses and diseases
with more precision. They will be able to see how a gene will react to
the drugs and will be able to see how the drug can be targeted
directly at certain things instead of prescribing a drug that may not
even come close to helping the sufferer.

Drug companies have funded the Human Genome Project as they are hoping
to gain more information on how to make more effective and worthwhile
drugs meaning they may be able to receive money and save more peoples
lives.

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