The Roman Army Essay

The Roman Army Essay

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The Roman Army

The Roman army is still admired today by historians and many others
alike. How far advanced technologically the Romans were over 2000
years ago still amazes many people today. They built roads that a
still used today, their baths are still admired with many still
standing and much of today's archaeology dates back to Roman and Greek
principals. The Roman army itself was the most feared army of that
period and it too is a cause of fascination. Thankfully, due to the
Romans writing a lot down, there are many sources (unlike in the "Dark
Ages" for example) available to study how the Roman army worked. In
this project, the aim is to find out how the training and organization
of the army made it as effective as it was.

How did the training and organization

of the Roman army

make it as effective as it was?

When the Roman army was at its peak, during the 1st and 2nd century
AD, it was too strong for most of the other forces to overcome. In
this project I aim to show how two parts of the Roman army: a) its
training b) its organization, helped make it so effective.

The Roman army was an attractive occupation at that time. This is an
important point to note. Although you ran the risk of being killed,
soldiers were paid quite well (248 drachmas/year for cavalrymen in AD
81 according to Quintus Julius Proculus' account); did not have to
fight that often (in fact in some times and places in the Roman army
they spent more time doing peace time activities than fighting). They
were given a large pension when they retired (according to Dio they
received either between 3000 denarii and 5000 denarii, depending on
the...


... middle of paper ...


...the whole world by no
means other than thorough training in the use of weapons, strict
discipline in the military camps, and practice in warfare."

Vegetius, A Book About Military Affairs

Overall, the Roman army was stronger than anybody else at that time,
in all the crucial departments. They trained harder, they were more
disciplined, were better prepared for warfare and the soldiers were
more contented overall. The fascinating point to note about it all is
that in between all the battles, they built towns and buildings that
still stand today and are marvelled at by the people of today.

Bibliography

An account of a cavalryman stationed outside Alexandria, from AD 81.

Josephus: A History of the Jewish War

Tacitus: Annals

Vegetius: A Book about Military Affairs

Webster: The Roman Imperial Army

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