News is formed through a selective process which is controlled by
media professionals such as journalists correspondents and editors.
Agenda setting, a theory created by Stephen Lukes, sees how
journalistrs select news that is projected through the media. Agenda
setting also sees bias in the media, which is most commenly dominated
in the political broadcasts. The Glasgowuniversity media group agree
with the use of agenda setting in the media and use it in their
research. When looking at a political strike story the GlasgowUnivercity
media group saw how the workers were presented in a negative view
point. The journalists and broadcasters emphasied the effects of the
strikes to the public as very negative and projected the workers as
being an annoyance.
The Glasgow University Media Group also argue that journalists and
broadcasters claim that certain items have "news value" and assume
that the audiences see and interpret the world in the same way. This
reflects the "neo-Marxism" view which is highly criticised by the
Pluralists. The "Pluralism" theory sees a variety of media being
provided to the public to ensure a wide coverage of all viewpoints.
The Pluralists criticise that as the BBC are impartial to both main
political parties, bias stories would not occur.
Gate keeping in the media sees how editors choose particular sorties
to enter public media. This theory of gate keeping was created by
David White. He sees gate keeping as an 'informal process of
Gate Keeping is a selection process of eligible news stories. Editors
... middle of paper ...
bias views on issues within the media can influence a viewpoint in a
story. This links to the Agenda Setting theory.
Gate Keeping is where the editors influence the content of the news.
They have to work to deadlines and limited space in news bulletins and
newspapers. The concept of Gate Keeping is that, editors, "open gates
for some stories while closing the gates for others."
News Values is also important. Editors must balance the news so that
it appeals to a wide variety of audiences. In news selection, the News
Values theory is very important as criteria's must be met to make up a
newspaper or news bulletin.
Overall, I believe that the editors and journalists influence the
selection, make-up and presentation of the news in a variety of media
forms such as, television, newspapers and radio.
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Assessment of the View that the Shared Culture of Journalists Effect the Selection and Presentation of News
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