Comparing the Synoptic Gospels Essay

Comparing the Synoptic Gospels Essay

Length: 2008 words (5.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Comparing the Synoptic Gospels

Should one fully read the opening four Gospels of the New Testament, he or she can find many similar patterns of literature and themes affording much attention to detail and study. This is what someone such as Merriam Webster would define as the ?Synoptic Gospels?. So, what are and how can we explain the differences and similarities among synoptic authors Matthew, Mark, Luke, and the gospel, John? Which Book was written first? To what extent did the Evangelists depend on oral tradition, written sources, or each other? The phenomenon and mystery of these similar but unique Synoptic Gospels has for centuries challenged some of the best minds of academia and the church, stirring up much scholarly controversy; baffling many New Testament Survey students. To completely understand the similarities and differences between these Synoptic Gospels we must first be acquainted with the authors of them; we ought to discern the background of their life, academic qualifications, experiences, literature styles, and occupations. We must also ask the questions: Who? What? When? Where? Why? How? The first very important question I?d like to pose is: Who? Who were these author?s that challenged our hearts and minds and taught us Jesus? life, ministries, and importance?

The foremost book of the New Testament is Matthew. It was written by the author, Matthew, to illustrate clearly that the ?King? has arrived. Matthew, a Jew, was very literate. He was a despised tax collector who later changed his life and lived completely for Jesus and became one of His? twelve disciples. Matthew directed this Gospel to his fellow Jews c.60-65 A.D. to prove that Jesus is the Messiah and to explain God?s kingdom that He holds i...

... middle of paper ...

...ner?s Sons, New York, 1932)

Stonehouse 1963 Ned B. Stonehouse, Origins of the Synoptic Gospels, (William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1963)

Heim 1947 Ralph D. Heim, A Harmony of the Gospels for Students (Fortress Press, Philadelphia, 1947)

Linnemann 1992, ET 1992 Eta Linnemann, English trans. by Robert W. Yarbrough, Is There a Synoptic Problem: Rethinking the Literary Dependence of the First Three Gospels (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books, 1992).

Appleton 1910 Robert Appleton, The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX (Robert Appleton Company, 1910)

Koester 1990 Helmut Koester, Ancient Christian Gospels: Their History and Development (Philadelphia: Trinity Press Int'l, 1990).

Farmer 1994 William R. Farmer, The Gospel of Jesus: The Pastoral Relevance of the Synoptic Problem (Louisville, Ky.: Westminster/John Knox, 1994).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Synoptic Gospels

- The Synoptic Gospels are composed of the gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke. These three gospels covered many of the same stories; yet, they disagree with each other on various details within certain stories. Also, numerous events that are in Mark, is not in Matthew or Luke and vice versa. Many historians have concluded that Mark was the first of the three gospels written and that Matthew and Luke used Mark as a source to their own gospels. The Synoptic Gospels were first written in Greek, which would suggest to some ambiguity within Mark, Matthew, and Luke due to certain perceptions and translations within the Greek language....   [tags: Theology]

Powerful Essays
1808 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about Possible Solutions to the Synoptic Problem in the Gospels

- The term “Synoptic Problem” alludes to the similarities and differences that is apparent in the Synoptic Gospels. Events that occurred are detailed in somewhat different arrangements and narrations. These differences and similarities have caused observant Christians to wonder what could cause what appear to be a chronological difference in these Gospels and why do we have more than one Gospel. All of these observations and questions in essence make up the “Synoptic Problem.” (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:114) The development of the Gospel as described by Luke referred to “eyewitnesses” an “account of the things” and “an orderly account”....   [tags: bible, theology]

Powerful Essays
761 words (2.2 pages)

The Three Synoptic Gospels Essay

- The word "gospel" is a translation of the Greek word "euangelion" which means "good news. The first three books in the New Testament (Mark, Matthew, and Luke) are often referred to as the Synoptic Gospels (from Greek synoptikos, "seen together") They bear greater similarity to each other than any of the other gospels in the New Testament. Along with these similarities come some differences among the gospels, suggesting that each gospel was written for a specific audience and for a specific purpose....   [tags: Religion]

Powerful Essays
952 words (2.7 pages)

Investigating What Synoptic Gospels Can tell Christians about the Nature of Discipleship

- Investigating What Synoptic Gospels Can tell Christians about the Nature of Discipleship The synoptic gospels not only tell Christians about the nature of Jesus, but the nature of discipleship. The word Synoptic means, "presenting a summary of the principal parts or a general view of the whole". When relating it to the fact that it is a general view of the whole, the Synoptic Gospels show a view of Jesus' life though their eyes. They never disagree with anything he did, but were not always entirely sure if they understood the meanings of his teachings, this is why Jesus told Parables, so that his Disciples and anyone listening would be able to understand his teach...   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
683 words (2 pages)

The Synoptic Problem: Analysis Of The Two-Gospel Hypothesis Essay

- Introduction Throughout history scholars and theologians have sought to determine the chronological order regarding the synoptic Gospels of the New Testament canon. They have often utilized both the internal sources, found within the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, and external evidence to critically analyze the literary and historical relations. The two-Gospel hypothesis provides an effective response regarding these literary and historical similarities with the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke through a balanced approach utilizing both internal and external resources to address the long standing debate regarding the synoptic problem....   [tags: The Bible]

Powerful Essays
2065 words (5.9 pages)

Comparing The Testament And The Prophet 's Life And Times Of Jesus Essay

- The big news mentioned in the Old Testament was the coming of the Messiah but the big question is “when”. The Gospels were written about the life and times of Jesus. The synoptic view of Matthew, Mark, and Luke can also to be said on how they got their information as in straight from the source or second hand from other people. As for John, John had some similarities but not enough to be considered together with other writers of the Gospels. John had a different view of Jesus because of the very close relationship they had together....   [tags: Bible, New Testament, Jesus, Christianity]

Powerful Essays
1050 words (3 pages)

The Gnostic Gospels Essay examples

- The Gnostic Gospels In this essay, I will discuss about the Gnostic Gospels. To discuss this matter, I will divide this paper in a few key points. The first is what Gnosticism is. The second is the Gnostic gospels miscellaneous literature and the last is the conclusion of the Gnostic gospels. What is Gnosticism. According to Bentley (1987): “ Gnosis derives from Greek, and connotes "knowledge" or the "act of Knowing ". (On first hearing, it is sometimes confused with another more Common term of the same root but opposite sense: agnostic, literally “ not knowing ", A knower of nothing).The Greek language differentiates between rational, Propositional knowledge, and the disti...   [tags: gospel of judas, new testament]

Powerful Essays
2152 words (6.1 pages)

Essay about The Synoptic Problem

- The Synoptic Problem The synoptic problem is that of considering which of the 3 synoptic gospels. Matthew, Mark and Luke was written first and perhaps which gospel was written aided via the other and/or which writer used the questionable Q source. It is believed that there is a literary connection between the gospels as there is an obvious verbal agreement that suggests some kind of interdependence between them all. It is believed that these similarities have arisen because i....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
828 words (2.4 pages)

Comparing the Two Accounts The Birth Jesus in the Gospels Essay

- Comparing the Two Accounts The Birth Jesus in the Gospels Jesus was born in a very small country, it was not an important area of land people only passed through it and passed by it. From north to south of the country Palestine was less than 270km long. The Jordan valley ran through the middle of the country, towards the north of the country laid steep mountains the peak of mount Hermon was 3000 meters above sea level. Palestine was situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, in southwestern Asia....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
383 words (1.1 pages)

Essay on Gospels

- The new testament contains four (4) accounts of the story of Jesus’ life, death and resurrection as presented by Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, The 3 accounts are similar, while Johns bible presents Jesus in a unique way. These differences exist because Matthew and Luke got their information from Mark and John got his information from another source, maybe John did not have access to the other gospels or he chose not to use them. No one really knows the source of John’s gospel and we don’t know for sure who wrote the gospels....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
563 words (1.6 pages)