Italian Women in Violent Organizations Essay

Italian Women in Violent Organizations Essay

Length: 823 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Italian Women in Violent Organizations

The essay, "Mafiosi and Terrorists: Italian Women in Violent Organizations," by Alison Jamieson, discusses the role women have played in violent organizations in Italy. Despite male exclusivity and authoritarianism, women involved in such organizations have come a long way in widening the horizons of female influence in administration and commercial roles. The paper looks at, analyzes and compares two main violent organizations in Italy, the leftist terrorist Red Brigades and the Sicilian Mafia.
The Italian feminist movement of the 1960s spurred a new drive toward female activity in violent organizations on the extreme left side. "For the majority of women adherents, the feminist cause was an end in itself, but within the growing militancy of the extra-parliamentary Left it was a political exercise ground for a more radical battle and more extreme methods." (Jamieson 53) By insisting on a separate identity and a set of demands that purposely excluded men, women paved their way to higher standing in the extra-parliamentary left. Jamieson also comments that mainstream feminism involves embracing a broader set of goals that explicitly required the use of violence.
The fight for female equality and ascendancy in a male dominated society took a great effort and involved a great struggle. Many women joined the armed struggle not only to bring down capitalist society, but also to fight the return of fascism. Susanna Ronconi of the Red Brigades "recalls that the choice to abandon the feminist group in which she had militated overtly in favor of clandestine armed struggle had been particularly difficult because it implied breaking off all contact with her mother, who had shared so...

... middle of paper ...

...; father, husbands, and sons. Some women were born into the mafia, reaping all the benefits, riches and fame, without any of the effort or labor. Others married into the organization, starting a family centered on the Mafia lifestyle. These women truly had nothing to do with the organization, though, except to marry two clans together and unify them or to have sons who would become members. Such women only reaped the benefits of Mafia association rather than working for their gain.
Both the Cosa Nostra and the Red Brigades represent two different types of female involvement. While the Red Brigades encourage female involvement and association, the Cosa Nostra respects female passivity. However, the Red Brigades represents much stronger female membership and activeness, therefore symbolizing the epitome of female involvement in Italian violent organizations.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Representation of Female Characters in Italian Television Commercials Essay

- Old fashioned images Apparently, very little seems changed since the time of the Goffman’s analysis. His search is not entirely comparable with the GEMMA ones, because it refers to different times, contexts, and media, but the majority of the detected representations has more than one point of contact with the survey of the Canadian sociologist. In particular, the Goffman’s role function, ie the association between masculinity and positions of power and femininity and secondary tasks, often related to the of the f home keeping and the care of the family, is also found in most of our sample, populated by many housewives and few female workers....   [tags: Women, Italian Television Commercials]

Good Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Failure of the Italian Revolutions Essay

- The failure of the Italian revolutions cannot be attributed to one reason as there are a plethora of reasons which could be cited as a main cause. The main reasons which could be argued as the most important reasons for the failure of the Italian revolts are the lack of organisation within revolutionary groups, the Austrian army’s strength, the political and military inexperience of those in power, the Pope’s abandonment of the revolution, the hesitation of Charles Albert to front the campaign of unity and Bonaparte’s intervention....   [tags: Italian History]

Good Essays
777 words (2.2 pages)

The Crime Of Violent Crime Essay

- Violent Crime The FBI defines violent crimes in the UCR Program as those offenses, which involve force or threat of force. Conklin (2013) categorizes violent crime as murder, forcible rape, robbery, and assault. Many times, the preceding offenses would take the form of clerical sexual abuse of children, intimate partner violence, hate crimes, terrorism, or genocide (Conklin, 2013). Violent crimes are also called “offenses against the person,” meaning that the physical body of another person was harmed (Conklin, 2013)....   [tags: Crime, Violence, Violent crime, Domestic violence]

Good Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Professional Organizations : Professional Organisations Essay

- Professional Organisations Having an understanding of professional organisations can help a manager effectively manage dire situations or reactions from staff. As Shell (2003) explained professionals are a different group of people, they are experts in their own field giving them expert power and therefore must be managed differently. Professionals are highly autonomous therefore they expect a high degree of control and the freedom to exercise their independent professional judgements. They act to serve their own primary interest, and not necessary the organisation’s....   [tags: Management, Organization, Organizational studies]

Good Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

The Vietnam Women's Memorial Foundation Essay

- ... The military argued that combat zones, especially the ones in South East Asia, had environments that were inappropriate for American women. One spokesman told a news reporter that women "cannot be employed at jobs that are not in conformance with the present cultural pattern of utilizing women's services in this country. The work must be psychologically and sociologically suitable." Some women, like Army Corps Director Brigadier General Elizabeth Hoisington, discouraged the deployment of women to battlefields in South East Asia, arguing that public controversy over the debate of women in war zones would halt the progress of expanding women's role in the U.S....   [tags: military women, rights, organizations]

Good Essays
576 words (1.6 pages)

Similarities Between Italian And Italian Artists Essay

- During the 15th century, as the Renaissance flourished in Italy, a separate movement of the Renaissance emerged in the Netherlands. The Netherlands, located north of Italy, independently developed a distinct artistic style that incorporated Gothic influences and emphasized observation of nature, symbolism, and attention to detail. Both Flemish and Italian artists were focused on accurately depicting physical realism through the use of chiaroscuro and linear perspective. However, some Italian artists such as Fra Angelico focused on spiritual message rather than naturalism....   [tags: Renaissance, Italian Renaissance]

Good Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)

Italian Women of the Renaissance Essays

- Across Europe, between 1400 and 1650, there were women present in all major styles of time. They worked along side of great artists and were developing new techniques and styles. Women also played a very important role in the Renaissance. Although not as well documented as their male counterparts, women worked along with the other great masters, were just as innovating, and were key in developing new techniques. Artemisia Gentileschi (1593 – 1652), daughter of a well-known Roman artist, was one of the first women to become recognized in her time for her work.....   [tags: Arts, Gentileschi, Anguissola ]

Good Essays
2232 words (6.4 pages)

Morality and Egos in Radcliffe's The Italian Essays

- Morality and Egos in The Italian      The gothic tradition loves to play with the morality of a character and this explains one's egotistical tendencies.  In Radcliffe's Italian, no matter which side of the morality tree a character stands on, Satan has slipped a little pride in everyone's apple.  The role of doubles begins before Poe popularizes it.  Radcliffe works hard to create evil twins and/or corresponding halves to some of the characters in order to demonstrate the power of pride.  The gender roles of both male and female characters in The Italian do not always correlate to an archetype.  Radcliffe bends not only the gender rules, but also the stature expectations of the reader to...   [tags: Italian Essays]

Good Essays
1077 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Changing Role of Women

- Today, women are an integral part of all organizations, and contribute to the world just as much as men. Many of the most influential women throughout history are Americans; however, these women have had to fight against society, and struggle against the odds in order to gain the freedom and power they have today. There have been many events which have helped to aid them in their progression, and one of the biggest was World War II. American women played very important roles in World War II, and thus the war played a major part in advancing their empowerment....   [tags: Organizations, Men, Women, Equality, Gender]

Good Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)

The Italian Essay

- The Italian Gothic literature changes from age to age to reflect the current socio-cultural situation of the time. Stories such as The Italian, The Monk, Vathek and writers such as Poe, Carter, Radcliffe and Shelley have presented facets of the Gothic. The Gothic is the representation of the darker side of awareness, a realm of neurosis and morbidity whereby it is a fantasy world that reveals secrets of the human personality. In this excerpt of The Italian, there are typical Gothic conventions of its age....   [tags: Gothic Literature Italian Essays]

Good Essays
1436 words (4.1 pages)