The South African Regime from 1910 through 1994 Essay

The South African Regime from 1910 through 1994 Essay

Length: 941 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The South African Regime from 1910 through 1994



The South Africa which was born in 1910 included people from Africa, Europe and Asia, and the system of government was modeled on the common law of the Netherlands, supplemented by modern English law. In many respects, this new country was a compromise. It would acquire two official languages (Afrikaans and English); three capitals (an administrative capital, Pretoria; a legislative capital, Cape Town and a judicial capital, Bloemfontein); and the symbols of the state would reflect the union of Afrikaans and English-speaking whites. While the new state had a democratic form, with a few controversial exceptions, only whites enjoyed the vote. For virtually the whole of its history therefore, politics has been practiced on a 'whites only' basis. Therefore, when looking closely at the system and attempting to place the government in a category, I would create a new category summarized as a selectively democratic regime.
White interests obviously shaped public policy. Spending on areas like education, pensions, health and housing, has greatly favored whites, who were clearly the major beneficiaries of the system. In addition, discrimination and injustice inflicted upon black South Africans have largely shaped the present political system. Black South Africans played virtually no part in the founding of the Union of South Africa. This was to be the start of a long and inspiring resistance to minority political rule that culminated some 85 years later in South Africa's first truly democratic elections. Political protest began in 1909 when a delegation of blacks unsuccessfully petitioned the British parliament against approving the country's independence constitution w...


... middle of paper ...


...lation Registration Act of 1950, which had made it obligatory for every citizen to be classified into one of nine racial groups. As a consequence of these moves, the majority of international trade sanctions were abolished by 1993 and, in February of the same year, Mandela and de Klerk agreed to the formation of a government of national unity, after free nonracial elections. The elections were held in April 1994, with the ANC winning 62% of the vote and Mandela becoming president.
South Africa could probably be classified as a democracy from 1910 through 1994, however, when the elections were held in 1994 South Africa became a true democracy. The whites of South Africa could maybe be called an authoritarian group, but among them there was a democratic government, it was the other 86% of the population that was without a role in the government of their country.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Legacy of Apartheid in South Africa

- The strength of a nation is not established by the force of its military, economic standing, or government, but rather how its citizens are regarded. In order to attain strength, a nation must respect the principle of solidarity; the power of one voice. For without a defined sense of unity, a society is likely to crumble. Unfortunately, as seen throughout history, civilization has often made it their mission to seek out the differences in one another instead of accepting them. This fear of the unknown has led to humankind’s most despicable behavior; the separation of individuals due to their physical attributes....   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]

Good Essays
1631 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Reunification of North and South Korea

- Issue and Geographical Context Japan invaded Korea in 1910. After WWII Korea became independent from Japan and was divided into North- and South Korea. The United States supported Lee SeungMan in the South and the Soviet Union supported Kim IlSong in the North. The US and the Soviet Union split the Korean Peninsula approximately in half. Together, North and South Korea make up the Korean Peninsula, located in Asia. China lies to the North with only the East Sea separating North and South Korea from Japan....   [tags: Society, Economy, War]

Good Essays
972 words (2.8 pages)

The Decolonization Process Of Africa Essay

- The decolonization process in Africa, which extended, in one way or another, from the late 1940s to the 1990s, did not result in immediate prosperity, especially not for a country like South Africa, which experienced multi-faceted colonialism and a two-phase independence. This lack of prosperity disproportionately targeted the native black population, which had developed an antagonistic relationship with the white settlers from the beginning of colonization. The conflicts between the black native South Africans and Afrikaners, Dutch settlers who arrived to the region during the 17th and 18th centuries, was rooted in centuries of clashes....   [tags: South Africa, Africa, White people, Black people]

Good Essays
1870 words (5.3 pages)

The Historical Background Of The Era Essay

- The Historical background of the era Apartheid is known to be the title of the racial institution that was accepted in 1948 by the National Party that governed South Africa until 1994. The label, which literally means apartness, reflected a violently repressive policy designed to ensure that whites, who comprised 20% of the nation’s population, would persistent to dominate the country. While the policy began formally in 1948, the practice of racial discrimination has profound roots in South Africa society....   [tags: South Africa, Black people, White people, Race]

Good Essays
1526 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Change in South Africa Before and After 1994

- Introduction The following article will focus on change in South Africa before and after 1994 and the disorganisation which it brought to South Africans. South Africa went through a serious of transitions in technology, ecology, the career world, economic progress, norms and value system and in the social and political framework, Prinsloo (1998). Change is mostly seen as a threat; as something negative and as something which is hard to adapt to, thus bringing disorganisation into a situation. In a study it was found that social change involves profound societal transformation that affect the course of history of a group thus bringing disorganisation, Auger, Crush, De la Sablonnie`re, McDona...   [tags: transition, technology, ecology]

Good Essays
2541 words (7.3 pages)

The People 's Democratic Republic Of Korea Essay

- The People’s Democratic Republic of Korea, or North Korea as it is more commonly referred to, is located in East Asia. It shares a border with China and Russia to the north and the east and South Korea to its south. It is part of the Korean Peninsula with the Yellow Sea to its west and the Sea of Japan to its east. It is an almost completely homogeneous society of Korean people. The North Koreans native tongue is Hangeul. It is the same language that is spoken in South Korea, except for certain differences in syntax and accent....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Kim Il-sung, Korean War]

Good Essays
1840 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Korea And The Soviet Union

- For over a hundred years, Korea has always been invaded, influenced and fought over by its large neighbors, but Korea fought back as one united nation. It can be dated back to 1904, when Japan and Russia, the two large powers in East Asia at that time, fought for control of the country. Russia was defeated and Japan used its victory to annex Korea in 1910. Then, World War Two came about, dismantling the power of the Japanese Empire and Korea became a victim of the Cold War. Korea was divided into two spheres of influence, along the 38th parallel....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, World War II, Korean War]

Good Essays
1759 words (5 pages)

Essay about Reconciliation Through Truth For South Africa

- Reconciliation through truth seeking in South Africa In contrast to amnesia, restorative justice aims to restore social relations, to promote peaceful coexistence and to reconcile the conflicting parties (Pascoe 2007: 97). They are often directly associated with truth and reconciliation commissions (TRC) in one form or another - an institution made popular in the 1990s when South Africa set up the first of its kind and as such making it the model for all the ones to follow. Historically TRCs have been seen as “second-best” alternatives, located somewhere between the impossibility of retributive justice prohibited by the complex nature of the transitional governments and the growing demand fo...   [tags: Human rights, South Africa, Restorative justice]

Good Essays
1667 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about The South Korean Culture Through The Following Operational Variables

- There is a significant importance to understanding the customs and cultures of other countries in present day society. A solid knowledge of a culture can leave a lasting positive impression. South Korea, also known as the Republic of Korea, has a significant impact on the operations in the Pacific region. The purpose of this paper is to explain the South Korean culture through the following operational variables: physical environment, social, political, economic, and military. South Korea is located in Eastern Asia; South Korea occupies the southern half of the Korean peninsula....   [tags: South Korea, North Korea, Korean War, Korea]

Good Essays
1041 words (3 pages)

The Factors that Brought Apartheid to an End in 1994 Essay

- The Factors that Brought Apartheid to an End in 1994 The two key factors that brought apartheid to an end were political and economic pressures that developed over the 50 years of Apartheid. One clear attempt at changing the political scene was the adoption of the 'Freedom Charter' composed in 1955, was a way of displaying what individuals such as Mandela and Sisulu wanted and fought for. Mandela considered it as "...it captured the hopes and dreams of the people and acted as a blueprint for the liberation struggle and future of the nation"....   [tags: South African Apartheid ]

Good Essays
1358 words (3.9 pages)