Plato's View in Human Knowledge Essay

Plato's View in Human Knowledge Essay

Length: 1400 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Plato's View in Human Knowledge


Plato presents three different views about knowledge in Meno, Republic, and Theaetetus. In Meno's case, Plato believes knowledge as something innate in us when we are born; in his later view, in Republic, Plato believes we perceive things and gain knowledge; and from the last view, in Theaetus, Plato believes knowledge is the combination of a true opinion and a rational opinion. Strangely enough, Plato's views in Meno, Republic, and Theaetetus are similar, regarding the characteristics of knowledge. Despite that, Plato's views in Meno, Republic, and Theaetetus have different degrees of weakness in developing his argument about knowledge.
The concrete characteristics of knowledge of Plato's views in Meno, Republic, and Theaetetus are similar. According to Ron's Palace,
there are two essential characteristics of the soul. First, knowledge must be certain and infallible. Second, knowledge must have as its object that which is genuinely real as contrasted with that which is an appearance only. Because that which is fully real must, for Plato, be fixed, permanent, and unchanging, he identified the real with the ideal realm of being as opposed to the physical world of becoming (Internet).
Before we are born, our souls stay in the in invisible world and saw all the "Forms" of all things. The "Form", according to Plato, is eternal, unchanging, and universal. In the dialogue between Socrates and Meno (slave boy), according to Moser's book, Socrates mentions that
his soul must remain always possessed of this knowledge…. And if the truth of all things always exists in the soul, then the soul is immortal….and try to discover by recollection what you do not now know, or rather wha...


... middle of paper ...


...he differences are the degree of weaknesses of each of his view. I think Plato presents a strong argument on we define knowledge. In Theaetetus's case, realistically we can tell that we have some degrees of knowledge by having tests; I think this argument is the best. This definition of knowledge, I think, can apply to our world today. Most importantly, knowledge is involved not only in what we learn, but also in what interpret and process from what we learn in our mind.





Bibliography:

Works Cited
Jowett, B. The Dialogues of Plato Translated into English with Analyses and
Introductions. New York: MacMillan and Co, 1892.
Plato. "Meno." "Republic." and "Theatetus." Eds. Paul K. Moser and Arnold vander
Nat. Human Knowledge Classical and Contemporary Approaches. New York:
Oxford University Press 1995.
"Ron's Palace." Feb 13 2000.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Plato 's View On Reality And Knowledge Essay

- In this essay, I argue that people living a just life choose to be just and remain happy despite all the injustices done to them even after all the rewards of reputation are taken away from them. Through Allegories, Plato makes Glaucon, Adeimantus, Thrasymachus and others to understand this nortion. The Republic is considered by many philosophers as the best of Plato’s greatest dialogues which had vast influence on the Western thought. Plato establishes theories and mythic stories touching on reality and knowledge, human nature and politics, ethics, education and arts within the very ambitious republic book....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Philosophy, Ethics]

Strong Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Plato 's View Of The Nature Of Human Beings Essay examples

- To understand Plato’s view of the nature of human beings one must also understand his view of the world and the soul in turn. Plato’s Republic is a Socratic dialogue, this excerpt from Book IX relays the second of a three-part argument aiming to prove that a man who leads a just life leads a happier and more fulfilled life than the unjust man. Plato registered the world around him as two separate realities, the visible world and the intelligible world. The essential difference in these worlds is in that the visible world is changing whereas the intelligible world is unchanging and eternal....   [tags: Plato, Aristotle, Soul, Platonism]

Strong Essays
1014 words (2.9 pages)

Plato And The Ideas Of Plato Essay

- “No other Dialogue of Plato has the same largeness of view and the same perfection of style; no other shows an equal knowledge of the world, or contains more of those thoughts which are new as well as old, and not of one age only but of all,” (ICON Group International). This group discusses the many aspects of Republic by Plato and the ideas of Socrates. This is one of many groups that looks up upon the work of Plato as he recorded the life of Socrates. Socrates was a very interesting man, and this was especially recorded in the Dialogues of Plato through great parts of it such as The Apology and Republic....   [tags: Plato, Justice, Ethics, Cardinal virtues]

Strong Essays
1229 words (3.5 pages)

Plato 's View Of Justice Essay

- Plato begins to build this conception of the idea of justice in response to the challenge that Glaucon and Adeimatus presents. He takes the idea of constructing justice on the larger scale, in the city and comparing to what it would be like within the individual. In Plato ideology it is not possible for an individual to understand justice unless they fully comprehend their role in the community. He starts his city with division of labours, with craftsman and farmers. A community were everyone specializes in their trade....   [tags: Ethics, Virtue, Plato, Nicomachean Ethics]

Strong Essays
952 words (2.7 pages)

Plato's Allegory Of The Cave Essay

- The Plato’s Allegory of the Cave The Plato’s Allegory of the Cave written by Plato is a dialogue between Plato’s brother Glaucon and Plato’s mentor Socrates. In the story, Plato presents a prisoner chained to the ground within a cave, and is facing a wall with animated puppets, which are the shadows cast by a light source from behind. The prisoner knows that other people are in the cave as well. For the prisoner, this is the reality of the world. Then one day, people come to the cave, and the prisoner is taking out from the cave with his chains removed....   [tags: Education, Plato, Learning, Knowledge, Teacher]

Strong Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Plato : Becoming Vs. Being By Plato

- Introduction Plato has been regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of his time. Many of his ideas have been reconstituted and passed down to find a greater meaning and understanding. Metaphysics for example, has helped discover the truth or the true form of an object. While, the levels of reality provide a unique perspective on human nature; the way people react in certain situations; as well as the ideal society according to Plato. Plato’s ideal society [as outlined in the Republic] is one in which the people are not consumed with the surrounding darkness and embrace virtuous practices to preserve justice for the betterment of society over their own self-interests....   [tags: Truth, Epistemology, Theory of Forms, Plato]

Strong Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

Analysis of Aristotle and Plato's Thoughts Essay

- Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that....   [tags: aristotle, plato's ideal, utopia]

Strong Essays
988 words (2.8 pages)

Plato And Aristotle 's Philosophy Essay

- Emmanuel Marsh Professor Wiener POL. SCI 204 During the fourth century BC, Athens two most influential thinkers of all time had emerged, Plato and Aristotle. Socrates, a great influential philosopher who influence his pupil such as Plato, through his teachings. Plato, then became the teacher of Aristotle, who although was a long term follower, found fault in Plato`s theories. In fact, Aristotle became a great critic of his teacher. Despite his criticism, Aristotle was influenced by Plato and in so their works are easily comparable, however, some aspect of their philosophy can be contradictive....   [tags: Philosophy, Plato, Truth, Logic]

Strong Essays
1078 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Plato's Cave

- The basic premise of Plato's allegory of the cave is to depict the nature of the human being, where true reality is hidden, false images and information are perceived as reality. In the allegory Plato tells a story about a man put on a Gnostics path. Prisoners seating in a cave with their legs and necks chained down since childhood, in such way that they cannot move or see each other, only look into the shadows on the wall in front of them; not realizing they have three-dimensional bodies....   [tags: Plato's Allegory, Human Nature]

Strong Essays
1131 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Plato on the Parthenon

- Plato on the Parthenon The philosophical ideas of Plato that relate to the Parthenon include whether the structure is an element of the Visible World or the Intelligible World. In my opinion, Plato would view the Parthenon as an object in the Visible World. The Parthenon is a one of a kind monument that is tangible and exists in our real world. The Parthenon is an architectural project and deals with forms of science and mathematics. Plato's view of science and mathematics are categorized as forms in the Intelligible World, which are intangible....   [tags: Plato Parthenon Essays]

Strong Essays
918 words (2.6 pages)