Looking in her mailbox one afternoon, a fourteen- year- old Norwegian schoolgirl
named Sophie Amundsen finds a surprising white envelope containing a piece of paper.
On it are written two questions: "Who are you?" and "Where did the world come
from?". And at the same time she is also receiving letters for a girl named Hilde Moller
Kang and Sophie also finds a silk red scarf in her bedroom, not belonging to her, but to
this girl Hilde.
The writer is an enigmatic philosopher named Albert Knox and his messenger is his
dog Hermes. Albert Knox's two teasing questions are the beginning of an extraordinary
journey through philosophy from philosophers such as what I have read so far: Thales,
Anaximenes, Parmenides, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Anaxgoras, Democritus, Socrates,
Plato, and Aristotle. Albert Knox, whom Sophie has not met in person or even seen for
that matter, has been inquiring Sophie's mind to fundamental questions that philosophers
have been asking since the dawn of civilization.
Sophie is soon enough enrolled in this correspondence course. Everyday she gets
either a white envelope containing puzzling questions or a brown envelope containing type
written papers teaching her about what philosophy is and explaining to her all these
philosophers and their theories.
Sophie's first lesson in philosophy was, "What is philosophy?". How I
understood what was being said was that philosophy is the examination for beliefs and an
analysis of the basic concepts said in the expression of such beliefs. Philosophy is often
used to mean a set of values and attitudes toward life, nature, and society. Next Sophie
learned about was Thalas. According to Thalas, the origin...
... middle of paper ...
...le, "All humans are mortal" and "All
Greeks are humans" therefore the conclusion is that "All Greeks are mortal". Aristotle
was also trying to say human nature involves a capacity for forming habits, but the habits
the individual choices depends on the individual's culture and personal choices. All
humans beings want happiness, an active realization of their innate capacities, but this
goal can be achieved in a multiplicity of ways. Aristotle argued for the existence of a
divine being described as the Prime Mover, who is responsible for the unity and
purposefulness of nature. The prime mover, GOD, is perfect and therefore the aspiration
of all things in the world, because all things desire to share perfection.
After Sophie finished reading Aristotle felt a need to be orderly, and that she
started to value personal commitment and value judgments.
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