Do we at present live in enlightened age?
What is enlightenment? Immanuel Kant attempts to clarify the meaning of enlightenment while composing the essay, "What is Enlightenment?". The goal of Kant's essay was to discuss what the nature of enlightenment was. It also taught one how enlightenment can be brought about in the general public.
Kant explains that, "enlightenment is man's release from his self-incurred immaturity". Immaturity is man's incompetence to have direction for oneself. In other words, enlightenment is the progress of a society through the free activity of rational thought and scholarly critique. Kant feels that if we are going to liberate ourselves from immaturity then we must be able to use our freedom whenever we want. One can try to revolt but it's most definitely going to fail. One can try to over-throw and then become the tutor himself or herself. This revolution will not lead to enlightenment, but rather lead to ongoing immaturity.
According to Kant, there are two types of reasoning: public and private. If one can produce an argument...
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