Essay on Comparing Marx and Freud

Essay on Comparing Marx and Freud

Length: 901 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Comparing Marx and Freud


Marx and Freud are regarded as very controversial individuals. They both had very unusual view of the world around them but were not afraid to express their ideas, which to many people were revolutionary. Marx and Freud formulated their opinions about the development of human history with which some might disagree. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx states that development of human history is based on economics, while Freud in Civilization and its Discontents claims that history of civilization is influenced by human nature and interaction with one another.

Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the source of class differences. History is describe in The Communist Manifesto as a series of conflicts between oppressing classes and oppressed classes. According to this view of history, massive changes occur in a society when new technological capabilities allow a portion of the oppressed class to destroy the power of the oppressing class. Marx briefly traces the development of this through different periods, mentioning some of the various oppressed and oppressing classes, but points out that in earlier societies there were many differentiations of social classes. Marx sees the modern age as being distinguished from earlier periods by the simplifications of the class conflict, splitting up society into two great hostile groups: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat.

Marx starts off stating that in order for men to make history they must be able to live. According to him a human beings needs for survival include food, water, shelter and clothes. All these things need to be produced therefore the first stage of history is the production of the goods needed for...


... middle of paper ...


...s an order yet there should not be a big gap between the workers and the owners. This would create tensions and would eventually lead to disruption of peace and also of the means of life.

Even though Freud and Marx?s view slightly differ, they both provide us with many new and interesting ideas that are well supported. Although some might disagree with all their opinions about the development of history and how it affects humans, one cannot say that Marx and Freud?s ideas are not to some extend correct. When all they have to say is well thought and analyzed one must conclude that some of the ideas are very well constructed and that actually can be beneficial in solving problems in our society. Maybe they both do not have the exact definition to the origin of human history I think they give us some basic principles that one can thing about and expand on.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sigmund Freud 's Theory Of Happiness Essay

- Sigmund Freud believes that the purpose of human life is probably unanswerable, but instead, tries to decide what man’s pursuit of happiness would entail. Most would argue that Freud is wrong and that life does have a purpose, and happiness is included in that purpose. Freud’s definition of happiness would include an individual following a path that avoids pain and pursues pleasure. Freud designated this view as the pleasure principal. This instinct is one that is naturally assembled at birth, or the part of our personality called the Id....   [tags: Marxism, Communism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Better Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)

Comparing And Contrasting Definitions Of Religion Essay

- Comparing and contrasting definitions of religion The four thinkers that we have learned about in class are Karl Marx, Rudolf Otto, Sigmund Freud, and Paul Tillich. Each thinker has different views. I agree with some thinkers while I disagree with others, however, each thinker has given me a new outlook on religion and each thinker has given me their definition of religion and what religion means to mankind. Each thinker has his own definition of religion. Karl Marx believed that “Man makes religion, religion does not make man”, (H/R, p....   [tags: Religion, Philosophy, Atheism, Karl Marx]

Better Essays
733 words (2.1 pages)

Freud And Marx Essay

- Freud and Marx      Freud and Marx it can be argued were both, as individuals, dissatisfied with their societies. Marx more plainly than Freud, but Freud can also be seen as discontent in certain aspects such as his cynical view of human nature. Each were great thinkers and philosophers, but both seemed unhappy. Perhaps the social ills and trouble each perceived in the world about them were only the reflections of what each of the thinkers held within themselves. Each person observes the same world, but each of us interprets that information in a different way....   [tags: Sigmund Freud Karl Marx compare Essays]

Free Essays
1047 words (3 pages)

Comparing The Concepts of Anomie and Alienation Essay

- Comparing The Concepts of Anomie and Alienation In order to answer the question posed, it is important to firstly define what is meant by the two important terms, I can then both compare and contrast Anomie and Alienation and discuss some of the complex issues surrounding both. Alienation is seen to be the separation from oneself, other individuals, society, or work. Some sociologists believe that alienation is inevitably produced not by the individual but by the shallowness and the lack of individuality of modern society....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1049 words (3 pages)

Karl Marx 's The Communist Manifesto And Sigmund Freud 's Civilization Essay

- Thinkers and philosophers have been pondering misery since the dawn of civilization. At the dawn of humanity, humans existed to survive and reproduce; every day was a struggle. However, with the advent of civilization, humanity has moved further and further away from its original evolutionary drives, and it can be argued by secular thinkers that humans exist now to find happiness. Therefore, misery can be seen as the biggest obstacle to human happiness, yet misery itself is a mystery to many. Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto and Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents put forth the authors’ opinions on the origins of mortal misery, and suggest methods to solve the problem of mis...   [tags: Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism, Communism]

Better Essays
1505 words (4.3 pages)

Inside the Head of Sigmund Freud Essay

- Among the top minds of the 20th century lie many great men who have devoted their lives to research in order to conclude an achievement of everyday remembrance as well in providing useful and technical information that will advance us in the future. Amongst these men lie Karl Marx, Albert Einstein, Charles Darwin, and Marie Curie. One name who is highly debated and criticized for his theories is neurologist Sigmund Freud. Arguments take place in order to prove Sigmund’s authenticity and the level of influence that he contributed....   [tags: Freud, psychology, ]

Better Essays
1565 words (4.5 pages)

Comparing Alexis Tocqueville and Karl Marx Essay

- Comparing Alexis Tocqueville and Karl Marx Writing in the 1830s Tocqueville saw democracy as the way of the future, and envisioned a world where revolutions would be rare. Yet writing not long after that, with a thorough knowledge of Tocqueville, Marx predicted a season of revolutions. The difference between these two views comes from a different take on the effect that the economy has on people. Both men saw the economy as producing an almost economically equal majority. For Tocqueville this majority was fairly well-off and had the ability to seek individual happiness through material wellbeing, without concern to control the government....   [tags: Politics Political Essays Tocqueville Marx Essays]

Better Essays
2019 words (5.8 pages)

Marx And Freud 's Theory Of Alienation And Discontent Essays

- Marx and Freud The source of alienation and discontent has been argued by many people, two major people being Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx. Marx believed that the source of man’s alienation came from society, specifically the economy and state. Freud argued that discontentment came from a more personal place, on more of a psychological level. Marx’s solution was to abolish private property, eliminating people’s feelings of not seeing their work pay off. Freud’s method to eliminate discontentment was for people to attend therapy....   [tags: Communism, Capitalism, The Communist Manifesto]

Better Essays
1339 words (3.8 pages)

Karl Marx and Capitalism Essay

- Karl Marx, in the Capital, developed his critique of capitalism by analyzing its characteristics and its development throughout history. The critique contains Marx’s most developed economic analysis and philosophical insight. Although it was written in 1850s, its values still serve an important purpose in the globalized world and maintains extremely relevant in the twenty-first century. Karl Marx’s critique of political economy provides a scientific understanding of the history of capitalism. Through Marx’s critique, the history of society is revealed....   [tags: Karl Marx]

Better Essays
893 words (2.6 pages)

Freud Essay

- In The Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic factors have on it. Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the economic factors which they see as driving history. Freud, in Civilization and Its Discontents, explores human nature through his psychological view of the human mind. Marx states that history "...is the history of class struggles" (9). Marx views history as being determined by economics, which for him is the source of class differences....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Better Essays
1220 words (3.5 pages)