The article involved in this research critique focuses on the "stresses and challenges experienced by graduate nurses in clinical practice during their initial orientation period and examines the relationship of social support to these stresses" (Oermann, 1997). The critiquing of this article will address the purpose of the article, the design of the research, the presentation of the findings in the study and the significance of this research to the nursing profession. Also, the researcher's approach to the study and the potential benefits of this study to nursing will be focused on as well.
The purpose of this article is clearly articulated in first two paragraphs. First, the researcher uses examples of past studies that focus on the stressful aspects of clinical experiences but stated that no studies had really focused on the initial clinical experience. The researcher applies the topic of research to the nursing profession in stating that "excessive and unrelieved stress may influence job satisfaction and contribute to turnover" (Oermann, 1997). There is a definite and clearly stated focus for the research, and it is clear that the research can be carried out as well as be reported. However, the problem statement does not indicate what the researcher hopes to accomplish with the study.
The methodology and research design, are both well defined and effectively convey the details of the research. When stating the sample of the study, the researcher is detailed and descriptive of the types of people used. The number of volunteers, their locations, their area of clinical practice, time worked as a nurse, gender, and type of degree earned all are ...
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...should be fixed in the future pointed out, but the positive aspects of the present system are noted as well. This provides preceptors with an idea of what they are doing correctly and what they need to improve on.
Nursing can greatly benefit from this research because it is assisting the new members of the profession. By improving the new graduates and helping them become the best they can possibly be, the future of the profession is secured. By understanding what stresses young nurses cope with, solutions for dealing with these stresses can be found. With the happiness and well being of the nurses in optimum condition, the nurses can focus more on the patients than themselves. This improves patient care as well, since the nurse is not distracted by personal stresses. Overall, the findings of this research are highly beneficial to the nursing profession.
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