The fundamental causes of the Russian Revolution were the direct consequence of a dreadfully long period of suppression of the Russian people combined with a prolonged instability of the Russian government. For centuries, czarist regimes forced their strict demands upon the populace by exerting their unilateral power, with no moral consideration for human life or freedom. At the same time, to maintain its status as a great power, the Tsar promoted higher education. The result was perpetual tension between government and society, especially its educated element, known as "intelligentsia."
The United States emerged as the leader in automated technology in the late 1800's and human rights quickly became a concern in places of employment. This gave stimulation to industrial development in Russia. 1890 was the beginning of the great leap forward in Russian industrialization. Huge factories were constructed, implementing the most modern technologies available, which were imported from England, Germany and the USA. Along with the most up to date technology brought in from the West, came the most current and advanced ideas of socialism. As a result, big industrial towns sprang up rapidly. Peasants were now required to be relocated from their work place in the fields in order to now be employed in these giant factories, thus the Proletarian class emerged and became an important social class in Russian society. By 1914, their number reached approximately 225 million and by 1917, Russia had over 3 million workers. There was an elite group of educated Russians that attempted to adopt the Western ideals of human rights and to apply them to the Russian work force. This spark...
... middle of paper ...
...ed by the 'intuitions' of their leader Joseph Stalin. By 1942, the Soviets established a group of interacting agencies and collection and analysis methods that are still in use today. By war's end, the Soviets had refined their procedures in a series of regulations, directives, and instructions. Although the Soviet empire is gone, the lessons enumerated in this book are still applicable
Read, Anthony and David Fisher. Deadly Embrace: Hitler, Stalin, and the Nazi-Soviet Pact. New York: W. W. Norton, 1988.
An in depth view of the strategies used by Stalin and Hitler with the emphasis on the psychological implications of Stalin's behavior.
Shukman, Harold. Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy. New York: Grove Widenfeld, 1988.
The weather in Russia was the most important aspect of Stalin's plan. This book gives a chronological weather related report of the war.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Causes of the 1905 Revolution In 1905 was a vast but backward country. Compared to Britain, Russia's industry were undeveloped, also its people were poor and uneducated. It was ruled by A Tsar who had complete power over the country. In Britain it is a totally a different story, most of the people were well off, not rich and not poor. Also the industry was the driving force of the country. The vast majority of the country population (80%) were Peasants who lived in poverty, living and working conditions were dreadful for most Peasants.... [tags: Papers]
926 words (2.6 pages)
The Russian Monarchy's Success in Removing Primary Causes of Internal Tension and Creation of a Wider Base of Support
- The Russian Monarchy's Success in Removing Primary Causes of Internal Tension and Creation of a Wider Base of Support After the 1905 revolution, Tsar Nicholas was able to maintain his autocratic rule through a variety of schemes for reform and repression. However, in his attempts to remove the primary causes of the internal tension in Russia, and create a wider base of support, he was largely unsuccessful. The underlying problems were the backwardness of agriculture and industry, the unwavering autocratic regime and the resentment harboured by national minorities.... [tags: Papers]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- Women’s Movement based largely in the US and it demanded the equal rights and even opportunities for the women in the economic activities, individual lives, as well as the political issues. The origin of this movement is always in the political concepts of the Enlightenment of the 18th Century together with French Revolution (Henretta et al. 79). They regarded all humanities as the rational creatures who should enjoy similar fundamental rights. It led to the liberal feminism or the equal-rights feminism.... [tags: Feminism, Women's rights, Women's suffrage]
874 words (2.5 pages)
- The Russian Revolution is a widely studied and seemingly well understood time in modern, European history, boasting a vast wealth of texts and information from those of the likes of Robert Service, Simon Sebag Montefiore, Allan Bullock, Robert Conquest and Jonathan Reed, to name a few, but none is so widely sourced and so heavily relied upon than that of the account of Leon Trotsky, his book “History of the Russian Revolution” a somewhat firsthand account of the events leading up to the formation of the Soviet Union.... [tags: Russian History ]
1236 words (3.5 pages)
- The Revolution of 1905: The First Russian Revolution We are, however, slightly ahead of our story. The short period of 1900-1906 provides an essential piece of the puzzle to make the picture of the Russian Revolution complete. Russia's Asian policy under Nicholas II took a decidedly expansionist and aggressive tone, culminating in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. A primarily naval conflict on Russia's Far Eastern frontier, this war brought back the awful memories of the Crimean defeat when Japan's newly modernized army and navy routed the out-dated, ill-equipped Russian forces.... [tags: Russian History Revolution Historical Essays]
4229 words (12.1 pages)
- Causes of the Russian Revolution There were many reasons for the Russian Revolution. The problems mostly consisted of political, economical, and social issues. There were many rulers that caused political damage among the people for them to seek change. Since there were so many economically problems within Russia people suffered from starvation and lost their lives. Finally, people wanted change to live better lives and looked upon leaders that promised that. There are many different aspects that contributed to the start of the Russian revolution.... [tags: Papers]
365 words (1 pages)
- Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution: Poor Living and Working Conditions Effects of the First World War The Appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government Was any one of these causes more important than the others to the Bolsheviks’ seizure of power in 1917. Explain your answer. A1. When the Bolsheviks seized power in the October Russian Revolution, the country was in complete turmoil.... [tags: Papers]
631 words (1.8 pages)
- Russia had been an autocratic government for 300 years under the Romanov Dynasty before the revolution of 1917. When problems started in the early 1900’s most people were serfs that had been freed about 20 years before. In 1914 during World War One, Czar Nicholas II decided to stay in war with Germany despite what the rest of his country thought. Nicholas posed a distraction from the countries problems. His plan was to keep his soldiers minds off of the horrible living conditions of Russia by staying in war with Germany and starting a war with Japan in hope that he would lead his country to a victory; both wars were lost, giving Russian citizens more to be upset about.... [tags: Russian History]
1702 words (4.9 pages)
- During the 1900’s the Russian Government made it extremely hard for the Bolsheviks to progress which made them revolt against the government making this a prime matter for the start of the Revolution. The Czarist government was ostracized by the common people of Russia so Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown by the Provisional Government, whom later on were overthrown by Lenin and shortly after the Bolsheviks took control over Russia. Russia was hard to develop because of the major leaders who had control; Lenin, Stalin, Trotsky.... [tags: Russian History]
958 words (2.7 pages)
- Russian Revolution Between 1861 and 1917, Russian society had undergone many changes. It is safe to say that every aspect of that society had been some how modified. These changes led up to the Bolshevik revolution in November of 1917. Given the nature of Russian society, was the Bolshevik revolution unavoidable. Among the changes Russian society had undergone, one starts off the whole chain of events. This was the emancipation of the serfs, in 1861, by Czar Alexander. The emancipation freed 44 million peasants.... [tags: Russian Russia History]
1103 words (3.2 pages)