"The origin and evolution of saga writing in Iceland are largely matters for speculation. A common pastime on Icelandic farms, from the 12th century down to modern times, was the reading aloud of stories to entertain the household, known as sagnaskemmtun ("saga entertainment"). It seems to have replaced the traditional art of storytelling" (Hermann Palsson, pg. 1). Njal's Saga uses Old Icelandic writing convention and historical data to give a fictional account of a generation's lifestyle and struggles.
Icelandic literature has become very valuable because historians have realized the great amount of truth that can be found in each saga. According to one historian, the sagas have proven to be of "valuable insight into the fabric of a unique medieval community" (Gary Martin, pg.1). During the twelfth and fourteenth centuries, there were about "forty sagas written by various anonymous Icelanders" (Gary Martin, pg.1). Each used a combination of historical facts and drama to create
sagas that tracked generations of people. Historically, the first people to travel to Iceland were from Norway. According to Gary Martin, they were "surprised to find such a plentiful land" (pg.1). Not only did they farm, but they also collected food and supplies from the nearby ocean.
There are quite a few sagas that reveal the true historical society of Iceland. "Egil's Saga records how, on arrival, the settler Skallagrim and his companions 'went out fishing and seal-hunting, and collecting the eggs of wild foul, for there was plenty of everything" (Gary Martin, pg.1). In Iceland, the immigrants held to the farming traditions that they had in Norway, so not much changed in the transition. One histo...
... middle of paper ...
...f this saga, the splendid portrayal of characters, the use of spiritual elements, and the historical
data contribute to the author's unparalleled style. Njal's Saga is undoubtedly unique, and speaks of the traditions and virtues upheld by the very first Icelanders.
Lonnroth, Lars. Njal's Saga: A Critical Introduction. Berkeley: U of California P, 1976.
Martin, Gary. Food and Feud in Saga Iceland. 1998. University of Adelaide. 10 Apr.,
Njal's Saga. Trans. Magnus Magnusson and Hermann Palsson. London: Penguin, 1960.
Palsson, Hermann. Saga. 1999-2001. Britannica.com Inc. 25 Apr., 2001.
Turville-Petre, E.O.G. Introduction. The Story of Burnt Njal. Trans. Sir George Webbe
Dasent. London: Aldine P, 1911. 5-11.
Turville-Petre, G. Origins of Icelandic Literature. Oxford: Clarendon, 1967. 249-253.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Iceland is a Nordic island state located in the Atlantic Ocean. Population of 315,281 and area of 103.000 square kilometers makes it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. Although highly integrated in the European market and the Schengen Area, Iceland is not a member of EU and currently has suspended negotiations that began in 2010, until the government can hold a referendum on the question whether or not to continue negotiations. (Pop 2013) Iceland is a parliamentary representative democratic republic, where the Prime Minister is the head of the government.... [tags: iceland, political systems, electoral college]
1932 words (5.5 pages)
- Fictional Account of a Mission to the Planet Neptune I have been selected as one of five people to go on a mission to Neptune; we are to attempt to gather rock samples from two moons, Triton and the very irregular shaped moon Proteus. We also must gather samples from, the rings of Neptune and we need to gather readings on the three major storms on Neptune (the small dark spot, the great dark spot and scooter. It's December 30, 2007 and we took off today. With new technology we should reach Triton on August 2, 2008.... [tags: Papers]
364 words (1 pages)
- Imagine people’s life without electricity, gases, and oils. Maybe nobody can imagine they are having such life. However, it is possible to happen in the future, if people use energy resources continuously at the same pace of the contemporary use and run out them. As the world’s nations experience modernization and industrialization, their economic grows dramatically, and at the same time, the amount of fossil fuel use has significantly increased. That have caused many environmental problems, and environmental issues become a controversial issue that most countries in the world concern.... [tags: energy use, hydropower, renewable energy]
1146 words (3.3 pages)
- ... The value of the property must be taken into account, and the effect this will have on their way of life. If a person is, for example, losing their home, the government must provide enough money to ensure that individual is able to relocate comfortably. This being said, Iceland does not see a sporting event, such as the Olympics or the World Cup, as a valid reason to seize property. Citizens should not have to worry about being forcibly evicted on account of a temporary event. If a country plans on moving homes to build for one such event, the citizens should consent to being moved and receive fair compensation.... [tags: property, olympics, contraceptives]
542 words (1.5 pages)
- I have chosen to write about the sovereign debt crisis in Greece and Iceland. The aim of this dissertation is to portray as comprehensively as possible the events that lead to the crisis in each country and seek to answer what caused their failure. Finally, I will talk about how each country’s respective government have rectified the problem. I shall first start with the theory about the pricing of debt, or in other words, how interest rate is determined on a loan to each individual sovereign. Although there is always default risk, lending to a national government in the country 's own sovereign currency is often considered "risk free" and is done at a so-called "risk-free interest rate."... [tags: Money, Currency, Debt, Inflation]
1429 words (4.1 pages)
- It wasn't until Lutheranism was firmly in place, that Catholicism was outlawed by Icelandic law and outlawed to the point that for more than three centuries no Catholic priest was permitted to even set foot on Iceland. To help convert the Norse to Christian ways, many pre-existing Norse practices and customs were converted into Christian practices, such as the Christening of a child. When a child was born, there was a great deal of ceremony conducted by the Norse. For example, a newly born infant would be placed on the ground and then remained there until he or she was picked up by their father (or next of kin in his absence) and placed in the folds of his cloak.... [tags: norse practice, baptism, christian]
531 words (1.5 pages)
- Early Sartre: Unsatisfactory Account of Alterity ABSTRACT: This paper critically examines the way in which Sartre dealt with the problem of alterity in his early works, proposing that Sartre presented an unsatisfactory account of alterity in his first philosophical work entitled The Transcendence of the Ego, though his study of imagination offers ample opportunities to re-examine the question of alterity and to arrive at a more adequate formulation of the way in which the self relates to the other.... [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Essays]
7833 words (22.4 pages)
- My face drips with sweat while riding the chariot across the velvet-colored muddy dirt. My heart was pounding quickly and constantly, almost jumping out of my chest. With the swing of my blade, my opponent drops to his knees, eyes rolling back. One Trojan slaughtered, many more Trojans to kill. This isn’t the end; this is far from the end. It’s time I prove myself to Akhilleus, breaker of men; it’s time I show him that I am worthy of wearing his armor. The only blood to touch this armor is the blood of Trojan soldiers and the brave men that fight beside me.... [tags: Trojans, Zeus]
1144 words (3.3 pages)
- Geography: Iceland’s wide mass of rivers and lakes are the result of glaciers melting. The reason for the glaciers melting is the very hot weather in the summer causing the larger quantity of water rather than in the winter. Hopefully the glaciers are without any harmful chemicals on them. “One can safely drink from almost any lake or river, although glacial water is not particularly tasty,” (Angler.is). Out of all of the rivers in Iceland, the Thjorsa River is the largest, ranging approximately143 miles (230 km).... [tags: glacier melting, thjorsa river]
687 words (2 pages)
- My friend Josh and I didn't say much as we loaded our luggage into the rental car at Keflavik Airport. We'd just landed in Iceland, and already we were silenced by the landscape. "It looks even more amazing in person!," Josh said as we took it all in. Since we met during at a gathering at an old friends' house, Josh and I had dreamed to traveled extensively through the world together, from the canals of Venice and Amsterdam to the mountains of Austria and Italy, but Iceland was our main place of excitement to visit.... [tags: Personal Narrative Descriptive Essay]
1359 words (3.9 pages)