WWII was one of the wars that had the most devastating effects on peoples live in Europe. During five years citizens of the different countries suffered from this brutal war to which they were condemned by their government. Two of the most affected home fronts during this war, were Britain, and Germany. Women, children were the most affected, and by many they were the moral support for their brigades, while men wre fighting in the front line. When war broke out in September 1939, the British government expected that the effects on life in Britain would be very serious. Throughout the 1930s there had been many predictions about the effects that bombing would have on cities.
"In May 1937 there was newsreel film of the attack by the Condor Legion on the Spanish city of Guernica. So it was believed that bombing would cause massive destruction and loss of life. The Local Defense Volunteers were set up, later to be called the Home Guard. These were men who were too old to serve in the army or who were in "reserved occupations". They trained every week, but would not have been able to defeat the German Army". (Tuttle, Pg. 111) Children were sent out to collect foliage for camouflage and people were asked to hand in scrap metal so that it could be used for planes for the RAF. These were really attempts to keep morale up and to make people believe that they were doing something to help. The south coast was quickly fortified. Machine-gun posts were built in medieval castles. Signposts and the names of railway stations were removed so that German forces would not know where they were. Church bells were kept silent. They would only be rung in the event of an invasion. Air Raid Precaution Wardens were appoin...
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...dy's Gone to War," The Second World War in the Lives of European Children, p. 111
2) Valerie Matsumoto, "Women in the Internment Camps," from Ellen Dubois and Vicki Ruiz, ed., Unequal Sisters: A Multicultural Reader in U.S. Women's History (NY: 1990), pp. 373.
3) Agnes Meyer, "Negro Housing in the Nation's Capital" and "The Negro and the Army," from Journey Through Chaos, pp. 322.
4) John Bartlow Martin, "Anything Bothering You, Soldier?," (orig. from Harper's Magazine, 1945; repr. in The World War II Era: Perspectives from All Fronts (NY: Franklin Square Press, 1994), pp. 263.
5) Talcott Parsons, "Propaganda and Social Control" (1942). Francis Merrill, New York Problems of War Society, (pp. 46).
6) Joan Scott, "Rewriting History," from Margaret Higgonet, et al, eds., Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars (New Haven: Yale U.P., 1988) pp. 19.
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