At the start of the 20th century, the ruling Tsar of Russia had absolute power and his Government was corrupt, hence, the majority of the people were against him. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks Socialist Party wanted a revolution to overthrow the Government. Relative to these times, it was Lenin who directed the course of the oncoming Russian October Revolution.
The outbreak of the unrest, in January 1905, found Lenin anxious to set down a novel strategy for revolution: the need for the proletariat (the working class) to win "hegemony" in the democratic revolution. He flatly declared to both major political parties of the time (the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks) that the proletariat was the driving force of the revolution and that its only reliable ally was the peasantry. He branded the bourgeoisie as hopelessly counterrevolutionary and too cowardly to make their own revolution. However, after the defeat of the Revolution of 1905, Lenin was forced into exile from 1907 to 1917. He found serious challenges to his policies not only from the Menshevik party (formed by the dissatisfied minority of the intelligentsia) but within his own faction as well. The combination of repression and modest reform effected by the tsarist regime led to a decline of party membership (Merringer 79). Disillusionment and despair in the chances of successful revolution swept the dwindled party ranks, rent by controversies over tactics and philosophy. Attempts to unite the Bolshevik and Menshevik factions came to naught, all breaking on Lenin's intransigent insistence that his conditions for reunification be adopted. Yet, throughout the struggle, Lenin?s directing force was still felt by both the Bolsh...
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...my had collapsed, he managed to mobilize sufficient resources to sustain the Red Army and the industrial workers.
The era and circumstances that surrounded the Russian revolution clearly happened as they did because of Lenin?s adamant revolutionary leadership. Had Lenin not lived during that time, a revolution would probably not have taken place. Russian history continues to fascinate scholars because of its rich cultural history, a history that Lenin generously contributed to.
Works Cited List
?Lenin, Vladimir Ilich? Britannica Online. Dec. 1999. 12 Dec. 2000
Levinthal, George. 20th Century Russia. New York: Grisewood & Dempsey Ltd. 1997.
Merringer, Nicholas. The Russian Revolution. London: Stamford Press. 1989.
Tybursky, Josef. Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 1990.
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