Comparing the Ideology of Lenin and Stalin Essay examples

Comparing the Ideology of Lenin and Stalin Essay examples

Length: 4174 words (11.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Compare and contrast the ideologies and the political and economic practice of Lenin and Stalin.

Every state is based upon and driven by some ideology. Imperial Russia was based upon autocratic absolutism for over 400 years. Following the Bolshevik seizure of power in 1917, a new era dawned upon Russia. For the next 36 years she would be in the hands of two men that would attempt to apply a new, vastly different creed in ruling and transforming this country. Vladimir Ilich Lenin, as the leader of the Bolshevik party, ruled Russia from October 1917 till his death in January 1924. He was succeeded by Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, who also ruled until his death in March 1953. Both men claimed to ascribe to the broad ideology of Socialism and Marxism; both were to develop their own versions -- later to be called Leninism and Stalinism; both were to attempt to practically apply their respective ideologies whilst attempting to deal with a plethora of prevailing conditions such as internal resistance and civil war, economic collapse and foreign invasion. This paper will examine the similarities and differences between both the ideologies, and the actual economic and political practice, of Lenin and Stalin's beliefs.

A significant historiographical issue to be aware of in the comparison of Lenin and Stalin is that between the two, Lenin was by far the greater political theorist and ideologue and yet had much less effective time, 6 years, to put his ideas into practice . Stalin on the other hand, was much more a man of action who produced comparatively far less written material, but who exercised his power for almost 30 years. Also Lenin had the unique opportunity to oversee the installation of a new order from scratch whereas Stalin...

... middle of paper ...

...actice were the 5 year plans, collectivization and industrialization. In November 1929, Stalin published an article called The Great Turn. His main argument was that for the USSR to move into the modern age she had to industrialize and the agrarian problem had to be solved once and for all. His solution was to collectivize all agriculture and to destroy the "kulaks" as a class. Over the next six years the Russian and Soviet peoples endured a holocaust comparable to that suffered by the Jews in World War 2, one that would cost over 5 million lives. The language Stalin used was as evil as any denunciation of the Jews by Hitler:

"To take the offensive against the kulaks means to deal the kulak class such a blow that it will no longer rise to its feet…Of course the kulak can't be admitted to a collective farm. He can't because he's an accursed enemy…"

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Stalin 's ' Utopia ' Essay

- Healey Cayabyab English 22 Professor Eastwood 11/12/14 Stalin’s “Utopia” Communism, as Karl Marx puts it, is a world where everyone is equal, where there are no social class, where there are no private ownership, where work is used only to produce the necessities, the people are under a control in which allows them to be on the same level as everyone else. What Stalin wanted to do was create and fulfill the governmental system of Karl Marx and create and envision the utopia that Karl Marx was led to believe....   [tags: Soviet Union, Communism, Vladimir Lenin, Russia]

Powerful Essays
1135 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Communist Ideology And Soviet Ideology

- Communist ideology in Russia originated in the communist ideological writings of Marx, including the stage theory. Marx 's stage theory was later developed into Marxist-Leninism as the communist ideology followed in Russia during the period of 19 28-82. Under rule of a communist government, in which the ideology promotes equality and the only aim is to reach a communist utopia on earth, communist Russia was guided into a completely different society in which religion was not acceptable. For this reason, the state had to use several methods of control to keep religious ideologies at bay- including the media....   [tags: Soviet Union, Communism, Marxism]

Powerful Essays
1888 words (5.4 pages)

Comparing Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia Essay

- Comparing Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short time compared to Russia's communism. The regimes established under Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. Hitler wanted the world. The government in Russia established by Lenin was based on a book called Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, a call to the proletariate to unite and rebel against their selfish employers....   [tags: Comparison Compare Contrast Essays]

Free Essays
966 words (2.8 pages)

Lenin Followed the Marxist Ideology More Closely than Stalin Essay

- Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels concocted the idea of Marxism, or Communism, in the mid-1800s, and this philosophy was one of the most influential ideologies of the time period, influencing many European political leaders such as Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov and Joseph Stalin. This brings up a question that historians have disputed for decades: who followed the Marxist policy more closely: Stalin or Lenin. Even though the rules of Stalin and Lenin were both based off of the concept of Communism, Lenin added on to it in the interest of the Russian people while Stalin modified parts of it to his personal benefit....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Powerful Essays
1942 words (5.5 pages)

Lenin Followed Marxism, Stalin Did Not Essay

- Marxism was defined by a man named Karl Marx and his associate Fredrich Engels. Basically, Marxism is defined as a conflict theory, as Marx said that society is separated by a conflict between the rich and the poor. Today, when one thinks about Marx’s philosophy, he is often tied as an enemy to Capitalism due to his ties to Communism. Although he did layout the foundry to Communism as we know it, he never saw it to be how it is today. He saw it as a way for social egalitarianism; Equality for the poor and rich (the Proletariat and Bourgeoisie); a classless society....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Powerful Essays
1766 words (5 pages)

The Policies of Lenin and Stalin Essay

- Identified within this study is the argument that whilst many of Lenin’s theories and practices were continued under Stalin, many were in fact developed and extended to new levels, possibly reflecting different motives: what Pipes refers to as Stalin’s ‘personality of excesses’. Although for many years, numerous historians including both members of the Western school of thought (such as Pipes), along with the official Soviet historians of the time believed that Stalin was the natural heir of Lenin, opinions have changed with time....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Powerful Essays
2277 words (6.5 pages)

Lenin and Stalin's Impacts on Russia Essay

- Lenin and Stalin had many characteristics in common, but many marked differences. Lenin’s character had many key strengths. One of his major strengths was that he was a great intellectual. Indeed Lenin was one of the leading Russian writers and thinkers of the period publishing many works. Lenin was unquestionably brilliant and a great organiser. He was also exceptionally hard working and one hundred percent dedicated to his cause. He had this natural ability to “seize the moment”....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Free Essays
3411 words (9.7 pages)

A Comparison of Lenin and Stalin Essay

- "A great luck for Russia was that at the times of hardships she was headed by such a genius and talented commander as Joseph Stalin." W. Churchill Stalin was a man of extraordinary energy, erudition and a powerful will. Him even I, a person taught by the Parliament, could not counter. W. Churchill “Stalin is the Lenin of today,” said a popular propaganda slogan of the thirties and the forties. The situation has changed drastically since that time; people’s opinion of Stalin has changed in light of the new facts that came out during the course of history....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Powerful Essays
1443 words (4.1 pages)

A Comparison of Character and Beliefs of Lenin and Stalin Essay

- There were many similarities in both character and beliefs of both Lenin and Stalin. Some people may think that, just because they led Russia, they were both Russian. Lenin was a middle-class Russian who was well educated; he also wrote many influential books and thesis. However, Stalin was a vulgar, Georgian peasant. He was expelled from his college in 1899 after failing to take his exams. One thing that these men shared was their concern with the ideas of Karl Marx. In the early 1900’s they were both exiled to Siberia until 1917, after the March revolution....   [tags: Lenin vs Stalin Essays]

Free Essays
1649 words (4.7 pages)

The Importance of Trotsky, Lenin and Stalin to the Communist Dictatorship in Russia

- Trotsky, Lenin and Stalin were all important in bringing the Communist Dictatorship in Russia from 1917 - 1939. All three of them wouldn't be able to make progresses without each other. The basement or a trigger to communism in Russia was Lenin as he was the organizer. He has been studying Marxism and Socialism for many years and in the result he has brought the October Revolution in 1917 to Russia. In addition Lenin has written many books in order to spread the idea of communism....   [tags: Trotsky, Lenin, Stalin]

Powerful Essays
1293 words (3.7 pages)