The Rump Parliament Essay

The Rump Parliament Essay

Length: 731 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Rump Parliament

That the Rump Parliament had absolutely no achievements at all to its name is a strong statement. As a governing body setup by the remnants of Pride's Purge, the MP's that remained were all wanted there originally, indeed by the very man that would eventually dissolve them -- Oliver Cromwell. So something had certainly led Cromwell to become increasingly disillusioned with the Parliament he in sense created. This essay will examine these reasons and just what achievements the Rump succeeded in.

In needs to be understood just why the Rump were there at all. For what purpose had they been created in the first place? They would surely have a set goal that had not been met by previous parliaments. In essence, they were under the control of the army, but far from complete control. Pride's purge in December 1648 had done far from guarantee the loyalties of Parliament, but instead served only to raise suspicion against the army, through its use of force against them. In spite of this fear of the army, the rump was very dependent upon them for protection both internal and external. Army mutineers led by Levellers uprisings were soon put down by Cromwell, reducing the political threats towards the Parliament. The rump had been left there to make a change. To create a social and legislative reform. The very reasons that had led to a decade of civil war and political dithering half-heartedness were still evident in the Rump however.

As soon as the Rump came to power its most obvious threats came from problems abroad. The regime of the commonwealth -- created by the new constitution from an act created in May of 1649 -- became strongly contested in England's colonies, due to the disgust at the exec...

... middle of paper ...

...ember of 1650, which did not enforce attendance at the national church, but this did not go far enough to satisfy the army. The rump appeared to be more interested in issuing restrictive legislature - such as the aforementioned adultery and blasphemy acts -- rather than creating law and social reform. It also failed to pay the army, perhaps the biggest strain on the nation since the outbreak of the civil wars.

The rump did have certain achievements which have been highlighted in this essay. The reason they have been labelled a failure is due only to the fact that did not achieve enough. Cromwell had left them there to create reform, and the political utopia he felt was necessary for England. They had failed in this goal, being so caught up in trying to please different parties, they had fell blind to their true goal, that of restoring national stability.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Parliament Essay

- The Parliament was an elected organization set up by the king to manage the country to save the King the effort. Although officially ruled by the King, Parliament was increasing it’s power so rapidly that by the 1600s it could no longer be relied on to do what the King wanted. King Charles 1st came into conflict with his Parliament in 1629 when he ordered Parliament to raise taxes and it refused. His response was to abolish Parliament and he ruled Parliament on his own for 11 years. However, the people didn’t support him and he ran short of money so he had to reinstate Parliament in 1640....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
738 words (2.1 pages)

The European Parliament Essay

- A. As it is known the European Union is a unique system that we never seen before, the European union based on many principle such as, free movement of goods, establishment, services, and workers and we can consider it a new legal order for three main reasons: - First of all the authority of the European Union law is independent form the states law, and individuals can appeal it. - Second, It’s a supranational origination setting above the states. The European Union has its own legal system, which becomes an permeable part of the legal system of the member states, and the court must apply the European Union law above the state law, when they conflict, European Union takes precedent over nati...   [tags: legislation, equal pay provisions]

Good Essays
659 words (1.9 pages)

The Scottish Parliament Essays

- For more than three hundred years, Scotland has been an active member of a union with Wales, England and Northern Ireland but recently this partnership has come under threat due to nationalist views from a group of deluded self-serving failed councillors better known as the SNP. The ideals of these individuals threaten the very fabric of this hub of culture and enterprise that we know and love as Scotland. With the tricentennial anniversary of union, the idea of Scottish independence has again come up for fierce debate....   [tags: Union, Governemnt, UK]

Good Essays
1104 words (3.2 pages)

The German Electoral System For Parliament Essay

- The German electoral system for Parliament, also known as the Bundestag or “lower house”, is often considered complicated or sophisticated, depending on one’s point of view. The system comes out of Germany’s post-war wish to combine a traditional “winner-takes-all” model, and a proportional representation system . The “winner-takes-all” system involves voters of each district sending a representative to Parliament with a plurality of votes, theoretically resulting in a few large parties and a close relationship between voters and their representatives ....   [tags: United States, President of the United States]

Good Essays
1610 words (4.6 pages)

Functions of the Parliament Essays

- Functions of the Parliament "Debates, Question Time, and Select Committees all give Parliament Teeth." I don't agree with this statement because in general I don't think that Parliament is able to complete one of its main functions, to scrutinise the Government - or get its teeth into Government - very effectively....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1087 words (3.1 pages)

The British Parliament Essay

- The British Parliament The British parliament consists of the Queen and two chambers, the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The functions of the parliament are to pass laws, to provide taxes and to control the actions of the government. The Queen still plays a role, but only a formal one. In law, she is the head of the executive, a part of the legislative and the head of the judiciary. The house of commons The members of the house of commons are elected directly by general majority in geographically defined parliamentary constituencies.The minimum age for franchise is 18 since 1969....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
479 words (1.4 pages)

Was Parliament Justified In Killing the King? Essay

- Despite the simplistic fact that King Charles I was the legally lawful leader of England, Parliament was more than justified in executing Charles I due to the divergent and passionate views of law and life between the people and the king in politics, society, and religion. Parliament never desired a position where they could control England with full-fledged power. They simply wanted enough limitations on the king’s power that would guarantee the people certain rights that the king cannot take away, which juxtaposes the belief of divine right....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
714 words (2 pages)

Acts of Parliament as Public Law Essay

- Acts of Parliament as Public Law Acts of parliament are considered to be the highest form of law in England. The reason for this is constitutional. Under England's unwritten constitution, parliament is seen as sovereign. As a result, its enacted will, in the form of Acts of parliament, cannot be challenged in the courts. However, in practice there are legal, political and moral limitations on this sovereignty, which will be discussed in some detail in the following pages. An act of parliament is to be always obeyed, even if the act conflicts with common law [Burmah oil Co v Lord Advocate {1965} A.C 75]....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
1869 words (5.3 pages)

The Main Functions of Parliament Essays

- The Main Functions of Parliament Parliament has many functions. A political scientist, Philip Norton outlined these functions in to five categories. The five main functions of parliament are legislature, representation, recruitment, scrutiny and legitimacy. Each one is as important as the other however the main two functions of parliament are scrutiny and influence. The predominant role of parliament is scrutiny. Scrutiny is when parliament needs two look over, in detail, potential bills and laws....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
678 words (1.9 pages)

British Parliament Essay

- British Parliament Many of the political observers consider functions of the British Parliament as a constantly changing in accordance with public demands and political ambitions. In the 11th century for example when Parliament has had its origins, its main function was giving an advice to Saxon monarchs by assembly of the wise called "Witangemot"....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
944 words (2.7 pages)