Wherever god erects a house of prayer,
The Devil always builds a chapel there;
And 'twill be found ,upon examination,
The latter has the largest congregation.
(from The True-Born Englishman,1701)
Daniel Defoe's most famous novel with the full title is The Life and strange and surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Crusoe ends up on a desert island.With only a few supplies from the ship he builds a house , boat and a new life.His island is not wholly uninhabited,though, and there is the exciting but ominous presence of cannibals who Crusoe occasionally encounters and saves a native from.The latter becomes his servant, Man Friday.The crew of a mutinying ship finally rescue our hero, but it is his adventure on the island that interest us.The first novel, though, is particularly notable for its detailed verisimilitude allowing us to believe in the situation-something assisted by the uncomplicated language used by the author.
In Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe has a gradual moral approach.At first he is not a religious man but with some ...
... middle of paper ...
...ations.Most importantly, from his thoguhtful reflection emerges appreciation for God that provides him with spiritual sustenance through all his days. Crusoe develops a keen ingenuity and, most important, returns to the Protestant religion he had spurned in going to sea.In Moll Flanders , her immoral actions have no real consequences, and the narrative tends to excuse her behavior by referring it to material necessity. The book therefore generates a conflict between an absolute Christian morality on the one hand, and the conditional ethics of measurement and pragmatism that govern the business world, as well as the human struggle for survival, on the other.
Defoe, Daniel. Moll Flanders. Ed. David Blewett. London: Penguin, 1989. Print.
Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. Ed. Thomas Keymer. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2008. Print. Oxford World's Classics.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In order to explain how the main character Moll Flanders in the extract of Defoe’s novel ‘The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders’ is an example of picaresque, one might start by defining the meaning of picaresque. The Oxford English Dictionary definition reads as follows: “[Adjective] relating to fiction dealing with the adventures of a dishonest but appealing hero. – ORIGIN Spanish picaresco, from picaro ‘rogue’” The picaresque hero, however, can more generally be described as a person who does not comply social standards and fits the role of an outsider.... [tags: Moll Flanders, Daniel Defoe, Theft, Sociology]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
- Radical Views of Defoe Exposed in Moll Flanders Daniel Defoe is a proponent of the unorthodox in his novel Moll Flanders in which he shapes many aspects of Moll's life after those of his own. The concepts he puts forth in the work are radically different from beliefs customary to seventeenth century England. Appealing to and championing the common man, Defoe constructs an iconoclastic piece that praises a common woman. In spite of gender differences, Moll mirrors Defoe's life. Defoe draws on his past, when he served time in debtors' prison after his business as a merchant failed. He traveled to cities where he would become free from his creditors (Monarch Notes). It is fr... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
532 words (1.5 pages)
- The Incredible Journey of Moll Flanders Abandoned by her mother at the age of six months Moll Flanders does not have any of the requirements expected for her life journey to be a very good one. Her first memory is that of "wandering among a crew of those people they call gypsies, or Egyptians;" (9). But already as a child of about eight or ten she is aware of herself as an individual ready to shape her own life: "...for alas. all I understood by being a gentlewoman was to be able to work for myself, and get enough to keep me without that terrible bugbear going to service..." (13).... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
1202 words (3.4 pages)
- An Analysis of Moll Flanders The novel is about the realistic experiences of a woman in the underworld of 18th century London. She is anonymous, Moll Flanders being a pseudonym which she adopts when she needs an alternative identity for her criminal life. She has no family, having been abandoned by her own mother - a transported felon, and her upbringing, education, social position and material well - being are all constantly precarious. She lives in a hostile, urban world, which allows for no weakness.... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
2240 words (6.4 pages)
- Criticism of Moll Flanders How should readers interpret the seeming contradictory character that Daniel Defoe presents in Moll Flanders? Is her penitence a construction of irony? While the question of irony was prominent in the earlier criticism of the 1950s and 1960s, most scholars have moved away from that question, acknowledging the existence of various types of irony and validating the true reformation of Moll. Critics are now articulating other subtle and complex authorial strategies in Moll Flanders besides the use of irony, crediting Defoe with more of what it takes to be a "father of the novel." Newer critical methodologies involving class and gender are also playing a r... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
1355 words (3.9 pages)
- Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe Three recurring themes in Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe are greed, vanity, and repentance. Theme is defined as an underlying or essential subject of artistic representation. These three themes play an important role in the development of the story of Moll Flanders. The first theme, greed, is shown in Moll's acts of prostitution. Moll turns to thievery in many instances to support herself. She also allows her morals to disintegrate; a result of her greediness.... [tags: Moll Flanders Daniel Defoe Essays]
1150 words (3.3 pages)
- Moll Flanders by Daniel Defoe Moll Flanders was a product of her vanity and pride. She devoted her entire life to achieving some sort of wealth and social status. Her pride encompassed her entire life and affected all of her life decisions. Moll sacrificed many things, including love, religion, self-respect, and peace of mind, in order to attain a sort of affluence. Eventually, Moll achieves her desires and retires a gentlewoman in America, but her journey definitely took a serious toll on her life.... [tags: Moll Flanders Defoe Essays Papers]
1163 words (3.3 pages)
- Freedom and Fate in Moll Flanders Are people who believe in freewill simply ignorant of the reasons of their actions. In the context of Defoe's Moll Flanders, this question may result in considerable debate. Was Flanders free or was she predetermined to live a wicked and improper life mired in years of penitence. Did the whorish behavior of Moll's mother predetermine Moll's actions. Certainly there is no question that Flanders was a criminal - she was a whore, a thief, and she practiced incest.... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
664 words (1.9 pages)
- George Eliot wrote, "It is never too late to be who you might have been." As I read those words, I was hard pressed to find another who fit them as well as Moll Flanders. Despite circumstance and luck and odds set against her at every turn, this woman refused to bow to the conventional wisdom that normally rules the downtrodden and the dispossessed. And it is in that tenacity of spirit I find Eliot's words ringing true. Moll Flanders born into a world of pad-locked doors and dark menacing corners was destined for greatness simply because she lived it.... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
463 words (1.3 pages)
- Moll Flanders is an excellent story about one woman's evolution from a poor economic status to a, later, mid-class caste in life. Moll Flanders used her meticulous cunning in order to survive in the 18th century. She started out with a tabula rasa, or clean slate, when she is born, but, eventually, she resorts to an immoral life in order to survive. When she learns that her husbands die very quickly, but give her money for having sex with them, she turns to a life of whoredom. This choice, however, was only done as an instinct to survive.... [tags: Moll Flanders Essays]
798 words (2.3 pages)