For many years women have been fighting for equal pay, equal benefits, and
equal rights. When Congress passed Title IX, women thought they had won the battle, but still they have a long way to go.
In 1972,Congress passed the Educational Amendments. One section, Title IX prohibits discrimination against girls and women in federally funded education, which includes athletic programs (Feminist Majority Foundation). Congress developed Title IX because of the gross inequities in college sports (McCullough). The effect has been stunning: the ratio of high school girls on teams has risen from 1 in 27 then, to 1 in 3 today.
In 1972, the year Title IX was signed, men coached over ninety percent of women's teams (Feminist Majority Foundation). Now, men coach half of women's college teams, but women coach only two percent of men's teams (Feminist Majority Foundation) The average salary difference between a head coach of a men's team and a head coach of a women's team was between $18,000 and $25,000 dollars (Gender Equity). Even in a female dominated sport like gymnastics, the men coaches were paid more on average (Feminist Majority Foundation). Women coaches aren't just short changed on their salary, the Division I athletic department spent more than twice as much money on recruiting male athletes (Welch). The NCAA found that men receive 70% scholarship money, 77% of operating budgets, and 83% recruiting money (Feminist Majority Foundation). As of women athletes performing, in 1972, women comprised only 15.6 % of college athletes, and as of 1993 the percentage has grown to 34.8 % (Feminist Majority Foundation).
All Division I Male coaches Female coaches
Head coaches of me...
... middle of paper ...
..." Newsweek, 09/01/97. Vol. 130 Issue 9. P.56
NBA Salary Report, www.cnnsi.com
Title IX Gender (In)Equity, An annotated bibliography, Joe McCullough, University of Dayton School of Law Gender and the Law Professor Randall, December 1,1997,http://www.udayton.edu/~gender/biblio/97mccul.htm#Ann-Gender%20Equity%20in
University of Iowa Gender Equity in Sports Project.
Welch, Suggs. "Uneven Progress for Women's Sports". Chronicle of Higher Education, April 7, 2000, vol. 46, Issue 31.
Whalen, Charles. "Closing the Pay Gap". Business Week, P. 38, August 21-28, 2000.
Wollert, Lorraine. ,"For WNBA, It's No Easy Layup." Business Week, May 1,2000. P. 102-106
Women's Professional Basketball Set To Go, http://www.now.org/nnt/11-96/wosports.html
Women's Basketball. Britannica Concise.
Zavian, Ellen, "Men's and Women's Sports? No Comparison."
USA Today, Nov.22, 2000.
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