Since the end of the 19th century, eugenics has had a significant role in the development of Western society. There have been laws established by its presence and a war fought to cease its progress. To analyze the philosophy of and the actions due to eugenics, one must look at the past and see what contributions eugenics has made to events in history. One must also look at the present applications of eugenics and how they affect the lives of people. With these two directions, one can see that because it is racist, encourages immoral actions and is biologically unsound, eugenics is iniquitous and should be abolished from modern medical and political thought.
In 1883, Sir Francis Galton developed a so called science that dealt with the manner in which the human population could be improved. Galton thought that a pure race would make all population problems on earth obsolete and therefore contribute to an increased longevity of the human race. He called it the science of "eugenics", a word derived from the Greek eugenes, meaning "well born". He published the aspects of his new science in his book Hereditary Genius in 1869, establishing the roots and importance of his theories.
Galton had admired how horticulturists tried to improve the plant system by encouraging reproduction between the strongest species. He decided that this could be done with humans in the same way.
Galton once wrote that the point of eugenics was to "give the more suitable races or strains of blood a better chance of prevailing speedily over the less suitable" (Chase, p.13). Galton wrote in a time where the industrial revolution had brought along some new medical advancements that decreased the death rate among newborn babie...
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Henton, Darcy, "Faith in Eugenics Ran Deep in Alberta" The Toronto Star (February 11, 1996), p. F 1.
Hillel, Marc Of Pure Blood New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1976.
Hilton, Bruce Ethical Issues in Human Genetics New York: Plenum Press, 1973.
Hillel, Marc Of Pure Blood New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1976.
John Paul II Respect for Human Life in Its Origin and the Dignity of Procreation Sherbrooke: Les Éditions Paulines, 1987.
Kevles, Daniel J. In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Use of Human Heredity Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995.
McLaren, Angus Our Own Master Race: Eugenics in Canada, 1885-1945 Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Inc., 1990.
Packard, Vance Oakley The People Shapers Boston: Brown Little, 1977.
Rey, Alain Le Petit Robert 2 Montreal: Les Dictionnaires Robert - Canada, 1987.
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