The role religion plays in world history is, at best, tremendous. Through the ages, religion has both unified and divided civilizations often bringing extreme human casualty, in the case of division, or creating interesting new cultures, in the case of the latter. In the Ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Kush and Egyptian empires religion serves as a catalyst further strengthening the bond found in such homogeneous societies. In these civilizations it is important to note that the inhabitants did not conceive of religion in terms of a belief system in a higher moral authority, rather, the belief system was such a part of their lifestyle that there was no differentiation. In discussing ancient civilizations such as the Greek and Kush empires it is also important to understand that nonconformity was not even a mode of thinking, therefore, there was no room for religious disunity. In homogeneous societies, religion serves to further bridge the culture together. This is not the case in other later civilizations. England's King Henry VIII separation from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century presents the most interesting scenario in discussing the role of religion and how it either unites or divides people. For the first time, moreso than Rome's conversion to Christianity, a religious division was taking place within a relatively homogeneous society. Religion perhaps is predominately viewed by most contemporaries as problematic given the current divisions among many Catholics and Protestants in Ireland and the continuing conflict between Muslims and Hebrews in the Middle East. The Crusades serve as an example of how two religiously unified societies become fierce compet...
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...ation perhaps is the best example of this occurrence.
V. Religion has both united and divided societies since the beginning of history. As demonstrated with the ancient Ku*censored*e, Greek, and Egyptian cultures, homogeneous societies use religion as a bridge further developing the interconnectedness of the group of people.
Baines, John. Religion in Ancient Egypt. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press,
Hiro, Dilip. Holy Wars: The Rise of Islamic Fundamentalism. New York: Routledge,
Knox, Ellis. "The Crusades." The Crusades (31 July 1995) 21pp. Online. Internet.
31 July 1995.
Monges, Miriam Ma'at Ka Re. Kush: The Jewel of Nubia. Trenton: Africa World
Prall, Stuart E. Church and State in Tudor and Stuart England. Arlington Heights:
Harlan Davidson, 1993.
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