Behavioral Learning Theories Essay

Behavioral Learning Theories Essay

Length: 879 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Behavioral Learning Theories

Most theorists agree that learning occurs when experience causes a change in a
person's knowledge or behavior . Behaviorists emphasize the role of environmental
stimuli in learning and focus on the behavior, i.e., an observable response. Behavioral
theories are based on contiguity, classical and operant conditioning, applied behavior
analysis, social learning theory and self-regulation/cognitive behavior modification.
Early views of learning were contiguity and classical conditioning. In contiguity
learning, two events are repeatedly paired together and become associated in the
learner's mind. Pavlov took this idea one step further in his experiments on classical
conditioning where a previously neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with a stimulus that
evokes an emotional or physiological response. Later, the previously neutral stimulus
alone evokes the response. In other words, the conditioned stimulus brings forth the
conditioned response.
Operant conditioning is the most applicable of all the behavioral theories to actual
classroom learning. Operant conditioning was developed by B.F. Skinner and states that
people learn through the effects of their deliberate responses. The effects of
consequences following an action may serve as a reinforcement or as a punishment for
that action. Both positive and negative reinforcers strengthen or increase a response.
Punishment decreases or suppresses the behavior. Also, the scheduling of reinforcers
influences the rate and persistence of behaviors. In a paper presented at the Annual
Convention of the American Psychological Association in 1994 the principles of operant
conditioning were evaluated.
This paper discuss...

... middle of paper ...

...ion focused on well-defined, measurable student
performance goals; and 2) frequent monitoring of progress that enables teams to share
concrete insights and adjust processes toward better results. This kind of
student-involved teamwork is more than causal or informal. It is focused and
Critics of behavioral learning note that these methods could have a negative
impact by decreasing interest in learning by overemphasizing the use of rewards. Also,
since the existence of the mind could not be proven from the observation of behavior,
and since behaviorists were concerned primarily with discovering the laws of human
behavior, the mind was an unnecessary construct in the learning process. The exclusion
of the mind from the learning process by behavioral laws was a primary theoretical cause
of the paradigm shift in learning psychology.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay Behavioral Theories Of Behavioral Theory

- Behavioral Theory The behavioral theory involves the formation of associations between stimuli and response (LT, 21). Behaviorism is expressed through conditioning, associating stimuli and responses (LT, 55). As Skinner describes the environment helps to predict the cues for how an individual will respond to a stimulus. Stimuli, response, contingencies are the three contingencies of the basis of behavioral theory. (114). An association through experiences along with trial and error is when learning often occurs....   [tags: Learning, Educational psychology, Psychology]

Better Essays
1446 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Theories Relating to Child Abuse

- Theories Relating to Child Abuse Child abuse relates to the behavioral or learning theory because “it sees human behavior as almost entirely determined through learning that takes place as a result of reinforcement of our behaviors by others or as a result of our observation of behaviors modeled by others” (Schriver, 2011). “Theories are necessary to explain and to contain the complexities of our lives” (Newberger, 1983). Based upon this theory, child abuse is a reflection of what is normalized in the household....   [tags: behavioral learning, children]

Better Essays
943 words (2.7 pages)

Psychological Theories And Behavioral Issues Essay

- This quarter my practicum took place in a kindergarten classroom with 18 students and 6 students with extreme behavioral issues. My CT explained that she wanted me to work with a student who may not be getting as much attention as the other students in the class. After one week in the classroom, my CT suggested that I worked with a student that we will call K. Once he was assigned as my learning partner, I spent breakfast, most recesses and lunch with him. I tried my best to sit near him at the rug, where most of the class takes place but I often found myself helping out with those students with behavioral issues, in order to support my CT....   [tags: Psychology, Education, Question, Learning]

Better Essays
1534 words (4.4 pages)

Drug Abuse and The Theories Behind Addiction Essay

- The multi-causal model of drug abuse takes into account social and individual causes of addiction, both distant and immediate, that lead to a disposition to using drugs, drug use and the social and individual consequences. Why a person becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol is different for everyone. Some are genetically predisposed, some learn it from their environment (i.e. family or friends), and still others use it to avoid a trauma they have experienced. The case history describes a client that had both social and individual causes for her alcohol use and subsequent dependence....   [tags: alcohol, personality theories]

Better Essays
955 words (2.7 pages)

Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral, and Reality Theories Essay

- Cognitive, Cognitive Behavioral and Reality Theories Cognitive Theory Cognitive theory is a learning approach in psychology that attempts to explain the behavior of humans by studying thoughts and reasoning process. The cognitive theory is founded on many other factors like cognitive reasoning and social cognitive theory. Aaron Beck founded the theory and it is meant to understand the human behavior by observing the processes triggered by reasoning and individual thoughts. The cognitive theory is a research based theory because it tends to investigate human behavior through making observations and thought analysis....   [tags: Psychology]

Better Essays
1300 words (3.7 pages)

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay

- Brief history of the theory and theorist. In it's simplest form, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, (or CBT as it will be referred to from here on out), refers to the approach of changing dysfunctional behaviors and thoughts to realistic and healthy ones. CBT encompasses several types of therapy focusing on the impact of an individual's thinking as it relates to expressed behaviors. Such models include rational emotive therapy (RET), rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT), behavior therapy (BT), Rational Behavior Therapy (RBT), Schema Focused Therapy, Cognitive therapy (CT)....   [tags: Psychology, Rational Behavioral Therapy]

Better Essays
2449 words (7 pages)

Essay on Behavioral and Psychodynamic Psychology in the Treatment of Addictions

- Assignment One - Introduction to Psychology With 2,405,518,376 (World Statistics, 2014) users around the world there is no doubt that some users are bound to develop addiction. “Internet addiction is when a person has a compulsive need to spend a great deal of time on the Internet, to the point where other areas of life (such as relationships, work or health) are allowed to suffer.” (Better Health Channel, 2011). With this scientists around the world are fighting to beat these addictions. Two theoretical perspectives that play heavily into the treatment process are Behavioural and Psychodynamic psychology....   [tags: cognitive behavioral therapy, internet addiction]

Better Essays
1281 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Learning Concepts and Research Approaches

- The 21st century presents a different world than that of the 19th or even 20th centuries. Humans have continuously learned to move through eras. Mankind negotiated the leap from the industrial to the information age with relative ease. The advent of the knowledge age brings new challenges. Qualifications that satisfied the requirements of the past centuries give way to assessments relating to the ability to learn and bend with industry change. The human capacity to learn is paramount in economic success and the ability of the individual in reaching full potential in the home, at work, or in his community at large....   [tags: knowledge acquisition, learning, performance]

Better Essays
1321 words (3.8 pages)

Three Theories of Menatl Disorders Essay

- This paper looks at the three theories of mental disorders. I will describe them briefly, talk about the causes of mental illness, explain how each theory approaches intervention, and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of each theory. The Biological Theory of mental and psychiatric disorders revolves around the brain, and that these disorders are illnesses, or diseases that cause disruptions in the brain to produce the effects of the disorder. This theory says that the brain has specific physical, chemical, or structural problems that cause abnormal behavior....   [tags: Causes, Metal Illness, Intervention, Theories]

Better Essays
1849 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on Link Between Learning and Cognition

- Finding a valid meaning of knowledge is not a simple task as many people have more than once given differing insight as to what knowledge entails. The history of knowledge dates far back to Greek philosophy in which Plato and Aristotle manifested great interest in the nature of knowledge; the epistemology tried to identify what knowledge meant, to gain facts of its origin, and about its maximum capacity. As Plato posited that knowledge is inherited and therefore innate, Aristotle advanced in an individual’s sensory experience as the base of knowledge....   [tags: Learning ]

Better Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)