A dream is a display, usually visual, that occurs during the night while we sleep in
order to deal with and asses the things that we have dealt with during the day. A dream is
a remembered residue in the form of creatively assembled visual metaphors(Guiley).
In 1900 Sigmund Freud wrote in the The Interpretation of Dreams that dreams are
disguised wishes arising from ones unconscious mind. Having been suppressed by the
conscious mind, the wishes sneak into the sleeping brain in the form of dreams. Due to
electoencephalograph machine that recorded the rapid eye movement during sleep and
research into the physical nature of dreaming, Freud's theory has been for the most part
There is no definitive answer as to what a dream is. There is a raging debate over
the neuroscientific point of view and the psychoanalytical point of view about what it is
that actually causes dreams. In the next few paragraphs I will look at the proposed
answers from both the neuroscientific and psychoanalytical
The process of dreaming starts in the brain stem and is controlled by two
neurotransmitters that in affect turn the dreams on and of. The one that turns the dreams
on uses acetylcholine to begin the dream, and the part that turns the dream off uses
norepinephrine and serotonin to end the dream sequence.When the norepinephrine and
serotonin are suppressed, the other chemical, acetylcholine allows electrical signals to the
Norepinephrine and serotonin are necessary to imprint the dreams into your long
term memory. This may explain why we forget the majority of our dreams. Since the two
chemicals are suppressed during the dreaming ...
... middle of paper ...
...e that people that are blind from
birth see in their dreams, but their is evidence that rapid eye movement is present. People
who have lost their vision after birth have reported having sight in their dreams. The
dreams of the blind also have a better sense of senses like touch and sound.
In conclusion I think that with dreams we would lead very boring lives and would
have many more problems to deal with. Without dreams to deal with some of our more
major problems I believe that we would fall apart as people and would not be able to go
through life every day.
Ackroyd, Eric. A Dictionary of Dream Symbols. Blankford Publishing, London.
Guiley, Rosemary Ellen. The Encyclopedia of Dreams. Crossroads Publishing Co,
New York. Copyright 1993
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