How Psychology Helps Us Understand the Concept of Language and Intelligence as Related to Human Beings

How Psychology Helps Us Understand the Concept of Language and Intelligence as Related to Human Beings

Length: 1253 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

How Psychology Helps Us Understand the Concept of Language and Intelligence as Related to Human Beings



Psychology, the study of behaviour and mental processes concerns itself with the reasons organisms do what they do and how they behave in a particular way, For example why acquired skills are not lost when learnt ; Why do children rebel against parents and, why humans speak, love and fight each other. These examples of learning and behaviour are directly related to intelligence and language in human beings.

It is said that language, foresight, musical skills and other hallmarks of intelligence are connected through an underlying facility that enhances rapid movements. To most observers, the essence of Intelligence is cleverness, a versatility in solving novel problems. Jean Piaget, development psychologist, emphasized that Intelligence was the sophisticated groping that we do, when not knowing what to do.

Neurobiologist Horace Barlow, framed the issue, by declaring that intelligence is all about making a guess that discovers some new underlying order. This neatly covers a lot of ground like finding a solution to a problem, or the logic of an argument, creating a witty reply or by guessing what's likely to happen next.

Maybe we will never agree on a universal definition of Intelligence, because it is an open ended word like consciousness and these concern the high end of our mental life. To help us understand this, Psychologists such as Francis Galton (1822-1911), Alfred Binet (1857-1911), Theodore Simon (1873) and Wechler et al, developed a series of tests to determine strengths and weaknesses as well as an overall measure of I.Q.

Francis Galton was a pioneer in Intelligence testing . He proposed that people w...


... middle of paper ...


...iour.

Therefore to understand the concepts of language and Intelligence as related to human beings, Psychology which is the science that uses systematic methods in observing, describing, explaining and predicting behaviour and mental processes, should be applied.





Bibliography:

References


1) All quotations are taken from the book PSYCHOLOGY, by LESTER M. SDOROW., 2nd Edition, Brown and Bench mark publishers, 10WA, USA, 52001.

2) GLEITMAN, G., Basic Psychology. University of Pennsylvania, W.V Norton & Co. New York. London. 3rd Edition (1997).

3) CARLSON, NEIL R., & BUSKIT, WILLIAM., Psychology, the science of Behaviour. Allyn and Bacon, USA, Needham Heights MA 02194 5th Edition (1997)

4) GROSS, RICHARD Psychology, The Science of mind and behaviour Hodder and stoughton Educational, London NW 1 3 BH the Bath Press (1996) 3rd Edition.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »