The Taliban and Afghanistan Essay

The Taliban and Afghanistan Essay

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The Taliban and Afghanistan

Afghanistan followed the same fate as dozens of formerly Soviet-occupied countries
after the collapse of Moscow's Marxist government in 1991. Islamic factions, which had united to
expel the Russian occupiers in 1992, began to fight among themselves when it became apparent
that post-communist coalition governments could not overcome the deep-rooted ethnic and
religious differences of the members. It was in this atmosphere of economic strife and civil war
that a fundamentalist band of religious students emerged victorious. By 1996, this group, the
Taliban, ruled 90% of the country with a controversial holy iron hand.
The other 10% of the country is tenaciously held by minority opposition groups led by
president Rabbani and military commander Ahmed Shah Massoud and aided by foreign Taliban
adversaries. This Northern Alliance shares critics' objections to the Taliban's extreme
fundamentalist methods and especially scorns Pashtun ethnic chauvinism.
Today only Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia recognize the Taliban
as Afghanistan's legitimate ruling party. The United Nations still considers Massoud head of
State, the US advocates a broad based government and others favor Rabbani, Zahir Shah,
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar or other opponents as rulers of Afghanistan.
The Taliban claim to follow a pure, fundamentalist Islamic ideology, yet the oppression
they perpetrate against women has no basis in Islam. Within Islam, women are allowed to earn
and control their own money, and to participate in public life. The 55-member Organization of
Islamic Conference has refused to recognize the Taliban as Afghanistan's official government.
The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, regarded by many...


... middle of paper ...


..., medicines and medical supplies
donate computers and copiers for our publications and our training courses for refugee
women and children
donate films with revolutionary and anti-fundamentalist themes (preferably with
sub-titles in Persian or, if not available, in English) and also books, reference books,
encyclopaedias, dictionaries, periodicals, etc. for our resource centre for
anti-fundamentalist education
donate funds to cover postage/freight costs of medicines, books and school supplies
which friends in Europe and America have collected and donated to us but which we
unfortunately cannot receive because postage/freight charges are not included
donate camcorders, cassette duplicators, sound mixing equipment, CD recorders,
special equipment for RAWA's documentation centre of Jihadi and Taliban crimes
make other donors aware of the womens' needs.

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