Throughout the course of history, there have been many civil wars. In those civil wars, many persons fought and died in battles to defend their beliefs. In the aftermath of a major battle, a people’s morale is as shattered and broken as the bodies of those that were slain. Following the battle, a funeral is conducted in remembrance of the deceased. At these funerals a funeral oration is usually given by a well-known domestic public figure, such as when Abraham Lincoln gave his “Gettysburg Address” in 1863 AD and when Pericles gave his funeral oration to Athens in 431 BC. These speeches were made not only to put to rest the souls of the dead and the grief of those who knew them, but to give those people hope that their friends and loved ones did not die in vain and to remind them why their civil war was being fought.
The Peloponnesian War was fought from 431-409 BC. It was a civil war between the Greek city-states and was lead by Sparta and it’s allies against the dominating Athenian government. The Athenian leader, Pericles, was a learned scholar and an ingenious military general. His speeches were known for their ability to motivate and give courage to a crowd whether it was to his soldiers in the final moments right before a battle or to a gathering in the streets of Athens. After the first few battles of the Peloponnesian War, Pericles was asked to give the funeral oration for those that were slain in defense of Athens. He did not offer his condolences to the families of those that died, but he offered them comfort. He did this because the men that died in those battles did not do so in vain, for dying in defense of one’s city-state had nothing to do with vanity in the eyes of the ...
... middle of paper ...
...uld not be equaled by the living. He told them that they needed to finish what the soldiers on that battlefield started and doing that was the only way to ensure that their deaths were not in vain. This speech gave the Union a solid reason to finish the war and reunite the United States.
From these speeches we can learn that a civil war demoralizes the population of the country and needlessly kills many people. Civil war inadvertently gives the people of that nation a greater sense of patriotism on both sides of the conflict. Most importantly, civil war shows the population how fragile their government really is.
These speeches were both given to offer hope to populations that were demoralized from the tragedies of civil war and to remind them of the reasons why these sacrifices were being made. Civil war helps show how destructive of a force hatred can be.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- It is perhaps one of the greatest unspoken truths that tragedy can be used to advance the positions and agendas of a group or a singular individual. Whether this agenda is good or bad for the populus is something that is indeterminate and varies from situation to situation. This action is not a modern creation however, as Pericles funeral orations clearly exhibit a political agenda. Specifically Pericles is pushing a military agenda which takes the form of a rally cry to whip the sadness of the populus into a anger against the Peloponnesian League and specifically the city state Sparta.... [tags: United States, Abraham Lincoln, Iraq War]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- Pericles in 430 / 431 BCE recited his famous Funeral Oration at the annual public funeral for Athenian war casualties. This speech which is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful works of oratory/literature in history was recorded by Thucydides. By his recording of the Funeral Oration, we must question his motives – what would cause Thucydides to preserve this speech through writing. One answer could be that Thucydides noticed Athens was at a cusp (a point of inflection) in Athenian history / society.... [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]
1161 words (3.3 pages)
- We can learn several things from the “Funeral Oration of Pericles“. Two of these things are, the Athenians respect for their warrior class and how the Athenians were exceedingly proud of their city and its customs. The Athenians respected the warrior class and placed them among the top members of their society. They were seen as the top portion of their classes. They are classified as heroes or idols. The Athenians are extremely proud of their city and its traditions. To the people of Athens their country was at the top and there was no other country that could top them off.... [tags: Pericles Funeral Oration Essays]
917 words (2.6 pages)
- There are two important matters that the "Funeral Oration of Pericles" proves, these two matters are, the great respect that Athenians have for their warrior class and how the Athenians were exceedingly proud of their city and its customs. The following paper discusses the way of life of Athenians and how the Funeral Oration of Pericles influenced it. It is a well-known fact that the Athenians had a great deal of respect for the warrior class and believed them to be among the top members of their society.... [tags: Funeral Oration of Pericles]
1034 words (3 pages)
- Pericles Funeral Oration is a speech that was given by Pericles whom was the Athenian 's Strategos (military commander) and written down by the famous historian, Thucydides that was an Athenian that attended the speech. The speech is Pericles effort to rally the Athenian people and lift their spirits and moral at a funeral after losing soldiers or member of war in the first battle of the Peloponnesian war, so that they would continue the good fight and not give up. Pericles attempts this by telling the Athenian people that their way of life, their form of democracy, what their ancestors fought for, their great military and policies, their constitution are all at stake and they m... [tags: Peloponnesian War, Ancient Greece]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- It is October 1862, one year and six months since the start of the Civil War. An envelope is printed, painted and dispersed. Unnamed, the print is referred to as a Civil War envelope showing woman pouring a drink for a wounded soldier as a battle rages in the background. Although it does not contain a formal title or a claimed artist the print depicts various social constructs and developing principles that were in attendance throughout the Civil War. The establishment of Lithography on envelopes became a key component of social change during the civil war.... [tags: American Civil War, Union Army, Civil war]
1631 words (4.7 pages)
- ... The Confederates emerged victorious after the Unions looked like they held a considerable lead. 18. During the opening of the Battle for Bull Run, the North was shattering the lines of the Confederates, except for those of Stonewall Jackson who held strong and provided hope for the surrounding men. He was known as one of the greatest leaders of the Civil War. 19. The Peninsula Campaign was the first large-scale campaign in the Civil War led by George McClellan with the Army of the Potomac. It ended with the battle at Seven Pines in which McClellan lost most of his men.... [tags: The Civil War Essays]
2342 words (6.7 pages)
- When the Civil War ended in 1865, leaders turned to the two important questions of what about the eleven Ex-Confederate States and what need to be done about the four million people living in poverty and slavery, which also known as the Freedmen. Those are the two set of political questions after the end of the Civil War from 1865 to 1877 known as Reconstruction. Not everybody agrees with the answers should be. There were a lot of disagreement of how to answer these two set of questions. They sharply divided into three political major, opinion of how the answer should be.... [tags: American Civil War]
1408 words (4 pages)
- The election of Lincoln, secession of the southern states and the Confederate States of America Constitution set the stage for the bloodiest and saddest war in American history. Before the Civil War even began the nation was divided into four very distinct regions; Northeast, Northwest, Upper south and the Southwest. With two fundamentally different labor systems, slavery in the south and wage labor in the North, the political, economic and social changes across the nation would show the views of the North and the South.... [tags: American History Civil War]
1425 words (4.1 pages)
- Abraham Lincoln once stated, "A House divided against itself cannot stand. I Believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free. I do not expect the house to fall. But I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other". More than anything else, differing interpretations about the Civil War drove the debate over the meaning of the Constitution and of the Union. These were, of course, not new issues. Indeed, as Professor Joseph Ellis has noted in Founding Brothers: the Revolutionary Generation both had been on the minds of the delegates to Philadelphia in 1787.... [tags: American History Civil War]
1192 words (3.4 pages)