Franklin Delano Roosevelt and His New Deal Essay

Franklin Delano Roosevelt and His New Deal Essay

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Franklin Delano Roosevelt and His New Deal


The 1932 presidential election came in the midst of the greatest economic depression experienced by the American people. Never before in the history of the United States has pessimism been so universal. The descent from the height of prosperity of the late 1920s had been rapid, bringing fear and uncertainty. By March 1932 approximately 12 million men and women were unemployed. By March 1933 unemployment had reached 13.5 million. In the hard-hit cities, long lines of hungry people waited before charity soup kitchens for something to eat, and thousands unable to pay rent, huddled in empty lots. Homeless people made shelters out of old packing cartons. More than one million Americans wandered through the country aimlessly looking for work.
President Herbert Hoover tried to use governmental power to check the economic downfall but did so without success. Critics of Hoover claimed that his policies were too conservative and lacked imagination. His defenders maintained that, regardless of the president's efforts, the depression just had to run its course. But millions of Americans could not afford to wait for the economic system to correct itself. The depression had caused not only financial disaster but also and perhaps the most important, a loss of personal pride, status and sense of self-respect. Many Americans demanded prompt and immediate action. As a result all indications pointed to a sweeping Democratic victory in the 1932 presidential election.
The Republicans knew that their position was weak indeed. But they renominated Hoover and campaigned on his record. The Democrats met in Chicago in June, confident of victory. After a successful pre-convention, master...


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...fare took place as unions attempted to organize the automobile and steel industries. Despite the antagonism of big business, organized labor continued to grow.
On the other hand, the U.S. Supreme Court began to rule some of the New Deal acts, such as the NRA, unconstitutional. The big test for Roosevelt and the New Deal would be the presidential election of 1936. Voters could then decide if they agreed with his policies, and if they should give the president a second term.











Bibliography:

Works Cited
Freidel, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Boston: Little Brown and Company.1990
Goodwin, Doris Kerns. No Ordinary Time. New York: Simon and Schuster.1994
Leuchtenburg, William. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. New York: Harper and Row. 1963.
Nash, Gerald. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 1967.

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