The 1932 presidential election came in the midst of the greatest economic depression experienced by the American people. Never before in the history of the United States has pessimism been so universal. The descent from the height of prosperity of the late 1920s had been rapid, bringing fear and uncertainty. By March 1932 approximately 12 million men and women were unemployed. By March 1933 unemployment had reached 13.5 million. In the hard-hit cities, long lines of hungry people waited before charity soup kitchens for something to eat, and thousands unable to pay rent, huddled in empty lots. Homeless people made shelters out of old packing cartons. More than one million Americans wandered through the country aimlessly looking for work.
President Herbert Hoover tried to use governmental power to check the economic downfall but did so without success. Critics of Hoover claimed that his policies were too conservative and lacked imagination. His defenders maintained that, regardless of the president's efforts, the depression just had to run its course. But millions of Americans could not afford to wait for the economic system to correct itself. The depression had caused not only financial disaster but also and perhaps the most important, a loss of personal pride, status and sense of self-respect. Many Americans demanded prompt and immediate action. As a result all indications pointed to a sweeping Democratic victory in the 1932 presidential election.
The Republicans knew that their position was weak indeed. But they renominated Hoover and campaigned on his record. The Democrats met in Chicago in June, confident of victory. After a successful pre-convention, master...
... middle of paper ...
...fare took place as unions attempted to organize the automobile and steel industries. Despite the antagonism of big business, organized labor continued to grow.
On the other hand, the U.S. Supreme Court began to rule some of the New Deal acts, such as the NRA, unconstitutional. The big test for Roosevelt and the New Deal would be the presidential election of 1936. Voters could then decide if they agreed with his policies, and if they should give the president a second term.
Freidel, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt. Boston: Little Brown and Company.1990
Goodwin, Doris Kerns. No Ordinary Time. New York: Simon and Schuster.1994
Leuchtenburg, William. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal. New York: Harper and Row. 1963.
Nash, Gerald. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. 1967.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Great Depression, beginning in the last few months of 1929, impacted the vast majority of people nationwide and worldwide. With millions of Americans unemployed and many in danger of losing their homes, they could no longer support their families. Children, if they were lucky, wore torn up ragged clothing to school and those who were not lucky remained without clothes. The food supply was scarce, and bread was the most that families could afford. Households would receive very limited rations of food, or small amounts of money to buy food.... [tags: New Deal, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Great Depression]
1044 words (3 pages)
- By the time Frankly Delano Roosevelt became the president the Great Depression was in full swing. People lost their jobs, ran through saving, home, and above all else lost their self worth. In the 1920s there was an image of what the structure of the family should resemble, the father leaving to work and bring a paycheck (the breadwinner) and the mother at home caring for the children, cleaning, and having dinner ready for her husband (the housewife). Nevertheless, the depression shattered this image and President Hoover refusal to intervene only exacerbated the problem and when the reality of the depression was not going away, he did try to stimulate the economy by proving money to banks an... [tags: New Deal, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Great Depression]
1095 words (3.1 pages)
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt introduced the New Deal in 1933 to achieve economic recovery and provide relief for the people in America. Some Historians argue the New Deal promised much, but did not achieve what it was set up to do, as unemployment was still present and the social and economic development across states remained unequal. Some contemporaries claim the New Deal did little to help cure the effects of the Depression, but instead prolonged them. Although, despite these claim, others praise the New Deal reforms for bringing social security and structural stability to the nation.... [tags: New Deal, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Social Security]
1867 words (5.3 pages)
- President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal: The Glass-Stegall Banking Reform Act, The Federal Emergency Relief Act and Social Security Economic policy, like the laws that define its parameters, seems to ebb and flow with the indifference of a coastal tide. In a increasingly idealistic and ever-faster changing world, by what measure are the most monumental acts of public law found to stand the test of time, and take their place amongst the immortal chapters of human history on the order of women’s suffrage and the advent of democracy.... [tags: Social Security, Federal Emergency Relief Act ]
929 words (2.7 pages)
- "Life is all right in America", "If you're all white in America" --- From the song "America", a well-known song from the musical West Side Story. The birth of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal opened new opportunities to Americans who had suffered through the long Great Depression. One of the new opportunities afforded to Americans were the policies that made it possible for more Americans to own their own homes. However, there was an important qualification that needed to be in place to experience the benefits of these policies: you needed to be white and middle class.... [tags: Racist Democrats Keep Down Blacks]
2081 words (5.9 pages)
- The 1930’s were one of the most difficult times in American history. It was the time of the Great Depression. Millions of Americans suffered hardships as the economy was in a free fall. Many Americans were unemployed and lost almost everything they had owned. In 1932, America realized it was time for a change, and elected Franklin Delano Roosevelt in a landslide vote. Roosevelt promised to help end the depression and with his New Deal. The New Deal was Roosevelt’s plan to end the Great Depression.... [tags: The New Deal Franklin Delano Roosevelt]
1049 words (3 pages)
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt and His New Deal The 1932 presidential election came in the midst of the greatest economic depression experienced by the American people. Never before in the history of the United States has pessimism been so universal. The descent from the height of prosperity of the late 1920s had been rapid, bringing fear and uncertainty. By March 1932 approximately 12 million men and women were unemployed. By March 1933 unemployment had reached 13.5 million. In the hard-hit cities, long lines of hungry people waited before charity soup kitchens for something to eat, and thousands unable to pay rent, huddled in empty lots.... [tags: Papers]
2312 words (6.6 pages)
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his New Deal marked a near total victory of loose construction demonstrated by his use of the elastic clause to give broader meanings to the expressed powers of Congress. Through the many New Deal agencies and legislations put in place, he set the example that the President and Congress could do whatever they thought would benefit the general welfare, even if powerful minority interests would be offended. However, Roosevelt suffered several setbacks in his New Deal and many times what he did to help the lower classes did the exact opposite.... [tags: New Deal, Franklin D. Roosevelt]
1343 words (3.8 pages)
- In the Presidential election of 1932, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Democratic nominee and the former governor of New York, emerged victorious over the existing president and Republican nominee, Herbert Hoover. The results of this election indicate two major beliefs of the American populace at the end of Hoover’s first term as president: First, American citizens were displeased with the manner in which Hoover decided to handle the nascent economic crisis which manifested itself during his presidency and would later become known as the Great Depression.... [tags: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, The Great Depression]
1042 words (3 pages)
- Roosevelt's New Deal On July 2, 1932, at the Democratic National Convention, the crowd listened intently to the phrase,” I pledge you, I pledge myself to a new deal for the American people.” The New Deal name was soon applied to the program of reform and recovery instituted by Franklin Delano Roosevelt. During the early part of the Great Depression, the economy had ground to a halt as a result of the stock market crashing and the unemployment rates skyrocketed as businesses shut down. Only a very small portion of the population actually held stock.... [tags: History FDR Franklin Delano Roosevelt]
3196 words (9.1 pages)