Slavery of the Black man in America was the cruelest ever known to man. Europeans transported slaves from Africa as early as 1505. The African Slaves were first exploited on an island named Hispaniola, in the Caribbean by the Europeans to do labor work, before they were sent to the Americas. The women usually worked the interior cooking and cleaning while the men were sent out into the plantation fields to farm. These Africans were stripped of their homes, cultures, and languages. Slaves were treated like animals.
The black man was not considered part of the human race then. Blacks were taught that their slavery was the way things were meant to be. The white man used religion and other institutions in order to justify slavery in the south. According to historians, slavery existed in the south because of the economical situation. However, this does not explain why Africans were enslaved in America.
The desperation for people to work the fertile land of the south called for the need of slaves. In Virginia, North Carolina, and Kentucky the plantations grew tobacco. In South Carolina, rice was grown. Cotton plantation increased in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. These plantations needed people to work them. These plantations could not hire indentured servants; it would have been too expensive. Indians could not be enslaved because it was easier for them to revolt against their slave masters, the Americas being their home and all. Africans were the perfect victims because they were thousands of miles away from home. Therefore, it was hard for them to escape slavery. In addition, most of these Africans came from different tribes so communication was very hard amongst them. During the 1790, more than o...
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...ns and where they could organize other ways to resist their slave masters.
The runaway slave numbers increased and action increased. Slave owners in the south certainly weren't happy about the loss of "property". Too much money was being lost. This caused the south to pass the Fugitive Slave Act in 1793. This titled slaves as property of their owners and gave permission to the owners to retrieve runaway slaves anywhere in the states, even the states that were free states. It was known that a runaway slave would be found by bloodhounds, trained to find black slaves, then, the slave upon returning, would be executed or severely whipped. In 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation was issued which made slavery illegal in the states that had rebelled and allowed black slaves to serve in the army and get jobs, or continue to work on plantations as employees making money.
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