He was a small man at 5 feet 4 inches tall, less than 100 pounds with penetrating eyes, a charming smile, and parchment skin. "James Madison Jr. born into a large Episcopalian family on March 16,1751 in Port Conway, Virginia, made a large political impact on the United States of America" (The Federalist 1). "He was frequently referred to as the father of the Constitution, for he made many provisions to it's making" (The Federalist 1). "His father James Madison Sr. one of the wealthiest landowner's of the area managed a large Piedmont farm, and married late to Nelly Conway in 1749." "There were eleven children born in all to the Madison family, only seven survived to adulthood" (Rakove 1). "The first born son James Madison Jr. was to be the heir of the plantation located in Orange County, Virginia" (Ketcham 12). "During his childhood years life centered on the farm." "The building of the new family home became the main interest of young Madison Jr. who was noted to spend time lifting small boards to help build the home." "He would help to furnish it by carrying small pieces of furniture from the old to the new" (Ketcham 13). "During the stressful building of the mansion there was the fright of the Indian War, and the terrible drought that had taken effect on Orange County." "Thought to be one of the hardest times that young Madison endured throughout life was the severe epidemic of smallpox" (Ketcham 14). "It is thought that young Madison and his siblings were isolated from contact with outside humans, or sent away for fear they would contract the disease" (Ketcham 17).
Only part of James Madison's early education is known. "His early schooling amounted only to reading, writing, and arithmetic" (...
... middle of paper ...
...riff, and a constitutional amendment to allow federal government to undertake internal improvements" (Blanco 5). "With the second bank established, a proposal on funds for federal railroads and canals was vetoed by Madison."(Blanco 5).
"In the end of Madison's second term, he retired to Montpelier." "After his longtime friend Jefferson passed, Madison spent his years tending to his legacy" (The Federalist 4). "He did attend conventions, like the one of Virginia in 1829; but did not contribute much to the proceedings" (The Federalist 4). "In his retirement, he managed a large plantation that funded scientific farming." "He also took component in the Board of Visitors for the planning, and creation of the University of Virginia" (The Federalist 4). "Madison died on the morning of June 28th 1836 at his home in Montpelier" (The Federalist 4).
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