British Middle East Policy in the Late 1930's Essay

British Middle East Policy in the Late 1930's Essay

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British Middle East Policy in the Late 1930's

Middle East was seen as the central junction for the communication of the British global empire. The British were clearly the dominant powerhouse of the late 30's throughout much of Europe and the Middle East. The shortest sea connection between Britain and India was through the Suez Canal, while the air and land routes connected Africa and Egypt to Palestine and the Middle East. This area was also a major source of oil. Oil was to become one of the most useful chemicals needed by the economy of a country both in peace and most importantly for war. The British commitment to a Jewish National Home in Palestine, agreed upon in the Balfour Declaration of 1917, created a series of conflicts for the British-Arab policy. This pledge to the Zionists created a great uprising by the Arabs both in Palestine and the neighboring countries. It was apparent that the British were losing control over this area. The Italian conquest of Abyssinia in 1935-1936 and the take over of Rhine land by Hitler in 1936 added to the apparent breakdown of British prestige and power. The Arabs fully aware of the British loss of superiority in the world and specially Asia, added to their restlessness with British policy on Jewish immigration made them think again about their relations with the British. The Arabs started to lose faith in Great Britain as their protector and their friend. They were forced to look the other way for protection, to a country, which also sees Jews as a major problem, and is willing to cooperate with the Arabs both economically and politically. This country was Germany. The British were on the verge of losing all control in the Middle East. By the late 1930's, the British in an attempt ...

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...of the allies in World War II.


Cohen, Michael J., and Kolisky, Martin. Britain and the Middle East in the 1930's. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1992.
George, W. The Coming of the Italian-Ethiopian War. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.
Gibbs, N.H. Grand Strategy, Vol.1: Rearmament Policy. London: HMSO, 1976.
Keylor, William R. The Twentieth-Century World: An International History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Monroe, Elizabeth. Britain's Moment in the Middle East 1914-1971. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.
Porath, Yehoshua. The Palestinian Arab National Movement 1929-1939. 2 vols. New Jersey: Frank Cass and Company Limited, 1977.
Pratt, R. L. East of Malta, West of Suez: Britain's Mediterranean Crisis, 1936-1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

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