“The Victorian age was first and foremost an age of transition. The England that
had once been a feudal and agricultural society was transformed into an industrial
democracy” (Mitchell, xiv). Just about every aspect of Victorian daily life, from
education to cooking to religion and politics, was changing. “The Victorian age in English
Literature is known for its earnest obedience to a moralistic and highly structured social code of
conduct; however, in the last decade of the 19th century this order began to be questioned” (It is
my Duty). In celebration of industrial achievements the Great Exhibition of 1851 became a
showplace for the world to witness England’s superiority in modern technology. The exhibit
was “seen by some six million visitors; in some periods the daily attendance was well over
100,000” (Mitchell, 8). The new railway system brought the curious visitors from all over the
country. The next few years would see the construction of the subway system, electric
lights, telegraph and telephone, steamships and electric trams. Along with the increasing
reliance on technology, the medical field would also share their discoveries with the
world. The fear of disease would prompt hygienic standards and germ theories. The
wealthy’s obsession with health beliefs and practices are manifested in their fear of
disease. This obsession with health is taken to the extreme in the form of Dr. John Harvey
Kellogg and his belief in “biological living, which included a meatless diet, a ...
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... is my Pleasure.” 19th Century Victorian Monstrosities. Essay Two. http:www.itech.fgcu.edu/faculty.rtotaro/
Mitchell, Sally. Daily Life in Victorian England. Westport, CT: The Greenwood Press. 1996.
Reed, John R. The Natural History of H. G. Wells. Athens, Ohio: Athens University Press. 1982
Stevenson, Robert Louis. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. 1886. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. 1991.
Wells, H. G. Experiment in Autobiography: Discoveries and Conclusions of a Very Ordinary Brain (Since 1866). 1934. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. 1962.
Wells, H. G. The Island of Dr. Moreau. 1897. New York: Bantam Books, 1994.
Wells, H. G. The Time Machine. 1895. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1995.
Wilde, Oscar. The Picture of Dorian Gray. 1890. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. 1993.
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