Nazi Germany is often described as a totalitarian state meaning that
individual people were completely controlled by the Government.
A Security system was set up to ensure that Nazi ideas and policies
were followed and that any opposition was dealt with.
The control was enforced by Heinrich Himmler - head of the Nazi Police
* This was the SS a military corps which was established in 1925,
Heinrich Himmler took over control in 1929.
* In 1936 it took over the police force including the Gestapo, they
did exactly what they wanted in Germany.
* The SS had its own schools, factories and race farms, these were
set up to produce 'perfect' German children.
The Gestapo was set up by Hermann Goering in 1933 and then it was
linked to the SS in 1936 when Reynhard Heydrich supervised it. He was
one of the most ruthless of the Nazis. He worked closely with Himmler
who was his superior.
Most of the people of Germany did not dare to question Hitler's
Any person who did would be arrested and tortured, they would often be
taken late at night and punishment would be to be sent to a
concentration camp, or alternatively to be executed. Anyone arrested
had less than three minutes to pack clothing and say their goodbyes.
The concentration camps were barbaric. The idea was that anyone who
had been in one would tell others about how terrible they were. This
was another way of getting people to keep their ideas to themselves.
How long people were kept in the camps depended on whether it was felt
that the lesson had been learned and that person would "behave" in an
... middle of paper ...
...r under a Nazi bishop. He
did seem to have succeeded by 1933 when Ludwig Muller was elected as
the bishop of German Christians.
Martin Niemoller did not want this to happen. He support 75% of
Germany's 8000 pastors. Together they formed the Confessional Church
as a rival to the Nazis German Christians. Hans Kerrl was made
Minister of Church Affairs and was ordered to end the division, but he
failed. Hitler then made the Confessional Church illegal and Niemoller
and hundreds of other pastors were arrested and sent to prison. Kerrl
had control of the buildings and the funds but he was not able to
control their minds. It was the Confessional Church who were the only
ones to protest against the Nazi treatment of the Jews.
Jehovah's Witnesses were also treated really badly if their teachings
contradicted Nazi ideas.
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