Essay on Bulimia Nervosa

Essay on Bulimia Nervosa

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Bulimia Nervosa


Within developmental lifespan psychology, eating disorders are often
categorised under the heading of 'adolescence problems' along with
suicide, delinquency, substance misuse and pregnancy. They are
particularly associated with females, especially during the
development stage of adolescence when one's physical, cognitive and
social development leaves childhood and enters adulthood (Seifert et
al, 1997: 333). It appears that young women are more dissatisfied with
weight than women at any other stage of the female lifespan. This is
due to an increase in awareness of their body shape and weight,
therefore accounting for the large majority of eating disorder cases
being adolescent females (90%) (Kayrooz 2001: 20). Problematic eating
behaviours are becoming a growing concern as the number of cases
increase (especially in the last 20-30 years) and especially as
younger age groups are being affected. Bulimia nervosa (bulimia) is
the most common eating disorder today. However it was only identified
as a disorder in 1979 when a rapid increase in the condition was
established (Gross, 2001: 657). Bulimia shall now be studied in
relation to psychological aspects, definitions, prevalence, symptoms,
complications, treatment and possible causes.

"Bulimia is a syndrome characterised by episodes of binge eating
followed by compensatory behaviour such as vomiting and purging, along
with other techniques to compensate for over eating" (Banyard, 2001:
88). Bulimia affects 1-2.8% of the population, yet it is estimated
that 20% of adolescent girls (2.5 million) exhibit less extreme
bulimic behaviours (Graber et al, 1994). Howeve...


... middle of paper ...


...270-288

Streigel-Moore, R.H., Silberstein, L.R., & Rodin, J. (1986), Toward an
Understanding of Risk Factors for Bulimia, American Psychologist, 41,
246-263, cited in Seifert, K.L., Hoffung, R.J., & Hoffung, M. (1997),
Lifespan Development, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, P.350

Tiggemann, M. (2003), Media Exposure, Body Dissatisfaction &
Disordered Eating: Television & Magazines are not the Same, Volume 11
(5), 418-430, cited in European Eating Disorders Review (1996), Wiley
& Sons, London, P.40-53

Thompson, R.A., & Sherman, R.T. (1993), Helping Athletes with Eating
Disorders, Human Kinetics, Champaign, cited in Trew, K & Kremer, J.
(1998), Gender and Psychology, Arnold Publishers, London, P.214

Wilson, G.T. (1999), Treatment Of Bulimia Nervosa: The Next Decade,
European Eating Disorders Review, 7, 77, 81

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