Britain in the Eighteenth Century Essay

Britain in the Eighteenth Century Essay

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Britain in the Eighteenth Century

In the eighteenth century, Britain was a very different country, both
industrially and agriculturally. Today's major cities such as London
and Birmingham were a fraction of the size that they are today. There
were no major factories, with the eighteenth century equivalent
running on power generated from waterwheels. There were no roads, just
dirt tracks, and all farming was done manually, with help from horses
pulling carts instead of machinery.

Approximately 5.5 million people lived in England and Wales in the
eighteenth century. This was less than there is today living in
London. There is no way to know the exact amount of inhabitants, as
there was no accurate method, like the modern day national census. The
way that historians have accurate estimates on the population
distribution of the country is the usage of old parish records, which
recorded baptisms, marriages and funerals. When many of these were
gathered, an overall view of the country in the eighteenth century was
made.

Roughly a third of the eighteenth century population resided in the
Southeast region of the country, with nearly of them living in rural
towns and villages. Of the whole of the country, the most densely
populated area was roughly from the mouth of the River Severn, to
below the Thames estuary to the south, and the Walsh to the north. The
reasons for this being the most popular choice is the fertile land,
and the relatively warmer climate, compared to the rest of the
country. People moved there because agriculture-based jobs were the
most common, and these factors helped that.

The least populated areas of the co...


... middle of paper ...


... etc. Coal mining was an industry that took place in the northeast of
England, most commonly around Newcastle.

Even though these trades were growing all the time, the lack of
suitable transport was hindering their development somewhat. There was
no easy was to deliver goods to far away towns, due to the shortage of
navigable rivers. Transporting goods by road was also tricky, as there
weren't enough proper ones. Until the methods of transporting goods
were improved, it was unlikely that people would order large
quantities of things outside the local area.

The early eighteenth century factories needed things such as steam
engines to be used for pumping water out of mines. Even though
inventions such as waterwheels to provide power were used, all
different kinds of industry relied mainly on human strength and skill.

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