The Change in Status and Position of Jews in Russia, France and Germany in the Years 1880-1920

The Change in Status and Position of Jews in Russia, France and Germany in the Years 1880-1920

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The Change in Status and Position of Jews in Russia, France and Germany in the Years 1880-1920


Throughout history Jews have been persecuted. I am going to write
about how their status and position changed from 1880 to 1920 in the
countries France, Russia and Germany. Anti-Semitism, the persecution
of Jews, was introduced centuries before the year 1880. In Ancient
times Jews were used as slaves by the Egyptian's, the Babylonian's and
the Roman's. In many countries Jewish temples, synagogues were
destroyed and Judaism was banned. As Christianity grew so did the
persecution of Jews. Christians blamed the Jews for the death of Jesus
Christ and the Bible calls the Jews, 'The children of the Devil'. Many
high figures in the Church spoke openly about their hatred of Jews,
Saint Jerome (374-419) said, 'They seek all earthly things, but think
nothing of heavenly things…'Martin Luther, the Protestant reformist
later said in 1543, '…we cannot tolerate them…therefore away with
them…'

In Medieval Europe Jews were ejected and tolerated in different
countries. Jews were expelled from places such as England in 1290, in
Spain the Spanish inquisition first tried to force Jews to convert to
Christianity, and then they were finally expelled in 1492. There were
also expulsions in France in the 14th Century, many Jews found refuge
in Poland where they were guaranteed rights. Many Jews were expelled
from the country they lived because; the monarch of the country may
have owed them money. Christian's were forbidden to lend money and
charge interest, so Jews got the jobs such as bankers and became
wealthy. The Christian's became jealous of the Jew...


... middle of paper ...


...n Russia they could become Communist Ministers. In Germany and
Russia a new government brought hope to Jews. In some ways life
changed for the better for some Jewish Russians and Germans between
1880 and 1920. The degree of change was obviously different in each
country, even though Germany and Russia have a lot of similarities. It
would also take the upper classes a lot harder to change the way they
thought of Jews, since in France it was the upper classes that mostly
spoke out against Dreyfus. The status and position of Jews did change
in each country in 1880 to 1920. In positive ways, like in Russia and
Germany, where Jews could become power figures for the first time and
in negative ways, like in France with the Panama Scandal and the
Dreyfus Affair; were some French acted Anti-Semitic in public for the
first time.

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