The involvement of the USA was not a sudden event; it was a gradual
slide into war that began with financial support of the French to
regain power of Vietnam. After World War II, the Vietminh were very
quick to replace the Japanese in Vietnam, and by September 1945, Ho
Chi Minh announced that it was an independent, democratic republic.
But the French also wanted to regain power of Vietnam and by March
1946, the French claimed victory over the communist Vietnamese. At
this time the USA was not really very interested in who was in power
of Vietnam. They were even sympathetic towards the Vietnamese people,
who, the US felt, deserved independence after so many years of
colonial French reign. During the period from 1946 to 1949, fighting
broke out between he French and the Vietnamese Communists, but the
French were virtually unaided by the US. But in 1950, what the
Americans thought about French rule in Vietnam had totally changed.
This was due to the Cold War with the Soviet Union. The USA would give
support to any country opposing communism at this time. So this was
one of the reasons why the USA became involved in Vietnam. They wanted
to contain communism, as they feared it and all that it stood for.
Communism was the total opposite to everything that the Land of
America stood for such as individuality and freedom of speech and
personal rights. That was why America felt that it was obligated to
protect Southern Asian countries from the spread of communism. At that
time, America was the world super power, so they saw themselves as the
world peacekeeper and that they had a r...
... middle of paper ...
...led to the officer being killed by his own men.
On the 27th of January 1973, the Paris Peace Agreement saying that all
American troops would withdraw from Vietnam was signed. One reason why
it was signed at that time was that Kissinger wanted to sign the
agreement before the re-elections so that Nixon would be seen well in
the public eye and so that he would be re-elected, and he was. Thieu
had refused to sign the agreement before, as without the aid of the US
the South Vietnamese would be at the mercy of the North, but in 1973
the Americans said that they would sign without him if he wouldn't
sign. So in March 1973, the last remaining troops in Saigon left
Vietnam along with 691 American prisoners of war, leaving the South
Vietnamese to try to fight the North by themselves, with only
financial and technological aid.
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