In 1947 India was granted with its independence from the British
Empire that had ruled over India since the 19th century. The campaign
for independence began with the formation of the Indian National
Congress party in 1885, the congress was a party for Indians to play a
part in the running of the country. However, in 1914 World War 1 broke
out and Indian people supported Britain and the Empire, sending food,
materials and money. In exchange for their support during the war
Congress demanded the British fix a date for India to become
self-governing. This was agreed by the British but no date was
actually set. In 1920 Gandhi persuaded Congress to vote for the first
time for self-rule (self-government and self-control).
Gandhi changed Congress by making it appeal to a wider population
instead of just the wealthy. He also started most of the major
campaigns against the British. Perhaps the most famous of these were
the protests against the British control of salt and cloth imports
from England that that led to them making their own cotton and salt.
Gandhi's policy of non-cooperation (civil disobedience) and peaceful
protest was the major strength of his protest movement and popularity.
It contrasted with those who previously wanted a violent uprising
against the British.
I think that if there had been violent protest against the British the
government would have argued that their troops act in self-defence
against armed rebels. However, in the Amritsar massacre the contrast
of unarmed people being brutally m...
... middle of paper ...
...s becoming too great. Indian people were starting to see that the
British were vulnerable and the army which until then had remained
loyal were beginning to stop acting against Indian nationalists.
I have described in the above essay, the ways in which Gandhi has
influenced the independence of India. It is fair to say that Gandhi
did play quite a major in independence but it is also fair to say that
his was not the only factor. As in the rest of the essay I have been
talking about other influences that led to its independence, including
the World Wars, India's Army and non-cooperation. The latter statement
I agree with very much, as if this had not been done Britain would
have no need to think of dropping India as there would be a continuing
economic reasons from both cheap manufactured goods and a very large
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