Federalism Essay

Federalism Essay

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Federalism denotes a form of decentralised government where legally at
least the component parts of the federation (states, provinces, Länder
or cantons) have statehood of their own and often have historically
existed prior to the federation. The central body is frequently called
the federal government. The precise allocation of responsibilities and
powers varies infinitely. The USA, Canada, Australia, Germany and
Switzerland are examples of federal arrangements. The UKis not a
federation although every so often proposals are made for varying
degrees of devolution that might inevitably lead to a federal

The European Union is not a federation because the Union institutions
are supreme in the restricted fields over which the Member States
irrevocably granted them jurisdiction, making the EU a supranational
body. The European Court of Justice decides points of Community Law
applicable in all the member states. In modern times however, there
has been discussion amongst observers of the prospect that constant
enlargement may well mean that a federal arrangement would be required
to cope with the diversity of views and cultures at national level.

The birth of the federal state coincides with the foundation, in 1787
of the American Federation. The text of the Constitution of the United
States of Americaapproved by the Philadelphia Convention, 17th
September 1787 in fact represents the first historical example of a
federal constitution. In the 20th century the federal model
subsequently spread around the world, especially to the countries of
the Commonwealth, to a few European countries to Brazil in Latin

... middle of paper ...

...onet. Bismarck described politics as the art of the
possible. Jean Monet a century later updated this notion. Politics he
said is the art of making possible what is necessary.



2. Collin's Dictionary of Law 2ND Edition

3. Dicey's, Law of the Constitution

4. Jenna Bednar's, Federalism, Judicial Independenceand the Power of



[1] Conrad C. The federal government and us 1989

[2] Eisenhardt History of Law 3rd Edition 1999

[3] www.wfm.com. Cited from the site of world federalists movement

[4] Prof. Helmut Kohler, Burgerliches Gesetz, 20th Edition


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