The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God Essay example

The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God Essay example

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The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing
that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to
things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause
of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God.

Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the
universe exist.
The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically
represented below.

Cosmological Argument

Things exist

It is possible for those things not to exist
Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been
caused to exist.
Something cannot bring itself into existence because it would have had
to exist to do that.
There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something into
existence, because an infinite regression of causes has no original
cause, which means there is no cause of existence.
Since the universe exists, it must have a cause, therefore there must
be an uncaused cause of all things.
This uncaused cause must be God.

Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) had a version of the Cosmological Argument
called the Argument from Motion. He stated that things in motion could
not have brought themselves into motion but must be caused to move.
There cannot be an infinite regression of movers. Therefore, there
must be an Unmoved Mover. This Unmoved Mover is God.

Strengths of the argument

The strengths of the Cosmological Argument consist of the simplicity
and easily understandable concept that there cannot be an infinite
number of causes to an event. Some arguments for God's existence
require more thought and education in terms and concep...


... middle of paper ...


...existence of things that are necessary does not require
explanation; their non-existence is impossible. The existence of
anything contingent, however, does require explanation. They might not
have existed, and so there must be some reason that they do exist.

The only adequate explanation of the existence of the contingent
universe, the argument from contingency suggests, is that there exists
a necessary being on which its existence it rests. For the existence
of the contingent universe must rest on something, and if it rested on
some contingent being then that contingent being too would require
some explanation of its existence. The ultimate explanation of the
existence of all things, therefore, must be the existence of some
necessary being. Followers of the cosmological argument identify God
as this necessary being.

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