The cosmological argument began with Plato and ever since been
defended and attacked by many great philosophers.
One of the supporters was Leibniz.
The cosmological argument is basically an argument about causation.
Its major supporter was Thomas Aquinas though Gotfried Leibniz also
put forward a simplified version of Aquinas's cosmological argument.
The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and
Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument
While the arguments of Aquinas assume that the universe cannot be
temporally infinite, there is a version of the cosmological argument
(supported by Leibniz (1646-1714) among others) that allows that the
universe is temporally infinite.
Leibniz regards the cosmological argument as a strong argument because
there has to be an explanation for life.
In 1710 Leibniz furthered Aquinas' third "way" (self existence) into
what he called the "Principle of Sufficient Reason". By 'Sufficient
Reason' he meant "complete explanation". He thinks it is logical that
there is a reason for existence.
Leibniz put forward a very simple and understandable version of the
cosmological argument, which states that there must be a reason, why
things exist because there must be a reason why anything happens and
why one thing happens rather than another. If something exists, it is
that something faced with the possibility of making it exist or not
making it exist chose to make it exist. Ultimately as things exist,
there must be a first-mover that itself was not caused to exist. This
first-mover is what we under...
... middle of paper ...
...infinite. If the past stretches back
infinitely, then there never was a Prime Cause. If there have been an
infinite number of causes in the past then logically there cannot have
been a first cause.
One of the weaknesses of the argument is that if all things need a
cause to exist, then God Himself must also, by definition, need a
cause to exist. But this only pushes causation back and implies that
there must be an infinite number of causes, which cannot be. This is
The cosmological argument does however assist with the question of
existence and many philosophers observe the theory as a strong one.
Therefore, the cosmological argument, although able to be understood
easily and useful in some cases, is not sustainable argument and
cannot be regarded as a logical explanation for the existence of God.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Ontological Argument Presented by Descartes and the Cosmological Argument Presented by Aquinas Descartes, often called the father of modern philosophy, developed Anselm’s argument, in attempting to prove God’s existence from simply the meaning of the word ‘God’. The ontological argument is a priori argument, such arguments use logic to prove an initial definition to be correct. The basis of these arguments depends upon one’s understanding of the nature of God. Anselm’s definition of God being “a supremely perfect being”, is the basis of his argument.... [tags: Papers]
965 words (2.8 pages)
- Early elements of the Cosmological Argument were developed by the world renowned philosophers Plato and Aristotle between the years 400 and 200 BC (Boeree). Medieval philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas expanded upon their ideas in the late 13th Century when he wrote, “The Five Ways.” Since then the Cosmological Argument has become one of the most widely accepted and criticized arguments for the existence of God. My objective in this paper is to explain why the Cosmological Argument is a reasonable argument for the existence of God, the importance of understanding that it is an inductive a posteriori argument, and defend my position against common opposing arguments.... [tags: Cosmological Argument, religion]
1357 words (3.9 pages)
- The Main Strengths of the Cosmological Argument There are many strengths within the Cosmological Argument which have proven theories and ways to prove the existence of God. Many of these strengths have come from such scholars as; Copleston, Aquinas and Leibniz, all of which have put together major points to prove the existence of a non-contingent being. One of the main strengths of the Cosmological Argument is from Aquinas way I that was about motion.... [tags: Papers]
524 words (1.5 pages)
- Craig/Kalam’s Cosmological Argument One of the most argued topics throughout human history is whether or not God exists. It is argued frequently because there are several different reasonings and sub arguments in this main argument. People who believe God exists argue how God acts and whether there is one or several. People who do not believe God exists argue how the universe became into existence or if it has just always existed. In this paper, I will describe Craig's argument for the existence of God and defend Craig's argument.... [tags: cosmological arguments]
875 words (2.5 pages)
- ... These ways have started philosophers to debate and question his arguments ultimately made the cosmological argument debatable. The cosmological argument is however not a valid argument in explaining the existence of god because the conclusions do not logically follow the premises. The main point in the cosmological argument is the first cause. As stated (by Aquinas) the world cannot be infinite and must have an initial cause, known as god. This was Aquinas’ second way, efficient causes. Aquinas’s used physical observations on Earth to come up with his theory, nothing can being itself into existence.... [tags: god, universe, fallacy]
975 words (2.8 pages)
- The controversial topic involving the existence of God has been the pinnacle of endless discourse surrounding the concept of religion in the field of philosophy. However, two arguments proclaim themselves to be the “better” way of justifying the existence of God: The Cosmological Argument and the Mystical Argument. While both arguments attempt to enforce strict modus operandi of solidified reasoning, neither prove to be a better way of explaining the existence of God. The downfall of both these arguments rests on commitment of fallacies and lack of sufficient evidence, as a result sabotaging their validity in the field of philosophy and faith.... [tags: Existence of God]
1119 words (3.2 pages)
- The Cosmological Argument, also known as the First Cause Argument, is one of the most important arguments for the existence of God, not only because it is one of the more convincing, but also because it is one of the most used. The thought that everything that happens must have a cause and that the first cause of everything must have been God, is widespread. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence.... [tags: Philosophy Religion First Cause Argument]
981 words (2.8 pages)
- The Cosmological Argument The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument 1. Things exist. 2. It is possible for those things to not exist. 3. Whatever has the possibility of non existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist.... [tags: Papers]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God. Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist. The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below. Cosmological Argument Things exist It is possible for those things not to exist Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist.... [tags: The First Cause or Prime Mover]
1012 words (2.9 pages)
- Critique of Aquinas's Cosmological Argument Aquinas's 3rd way suggests that the world consists of contingent beings. As all contingent beings have a cause, namely another contingent being, there must have been a time when nothing existed, (unless contingent beings exist as a brute fact). Therefore, contingent beings could not have come into existence unless there is a necessary being which is non- contingent that caused them. Aquinas named this being God. The problem with Aquinas's view is that as physicians have suggested matter is eternal and therefore a necessary being is not required to cause contingent beings.... [tags: Papers]
955 words (2.7 pages)