The American Dream as 'heaven'.
Steinbeck is trying to point out that the American Dream is
unrealistic. This novel looks back at the dreams of American
individuals in the 1930's. It is set in California at the time of the
Great Depression during which the American stock market collapsed
leaving the nation in a state of economical disarray.
The disease, hunger and poverty in England were high during this
period. Landowners were very wealthy but the rest of the people had to
struggle and work very hard for survival. Not only did they have to
feed themselves but they also had to pay off the heavy taxes, which
went to the landowners. It also was a country where Roman Catholics
were unacceptable. These Catholics who wanted to get away from the
position of being unwanted in England immigrated to America along with
the rest of the people who wanted to be free from England's heavy
taxes. They were known as the 'Pilgrim Fathers'- Their ship was called
'Mayflower'. One of the first states a lot of the people settled in
was Philadelphia, Latin for 'City of Brotherly Love'.
The introduction of the novel includes an image of this new Eden, the
'willows fresh and green with every spring'. Unfortunately we find out
it is autumn when he describes the crispy, dead leaves. Some of the
religious individuals thought America was like a new paradise, just
like the one in the holy bible - It was at first so green and
beautiful but then Adam and Eve spoilt it by going against God's
commands so God made men live on Earth and as individuals they have to
work for survival. Steinbe...
... middle of paper ...
Pursuit of Happiness'. The Americans were very happy at first but when
the Depression and drought came in the nation, it destroyed this dream
of freedom and equality.
Steinbeck is trying to state that The American Dream won't ever work
again because of the society's manner.
He is also trying to point out that life is harder for the 'weak
ones'; the females, black raced, crippled, disabled and elderly.
He reckoned there was only one hope. If the American society stopped
being afraid and became slightly more confident, then they could have
been able to reform a community in order to achieve The American
To express his thoughts to the reader, he has included a moment where
George, Lennie, Candy and Crooks get together and start to plan for
the future in order to make dreams to come true.
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